Declared separate but equal unconstitutional, ordered desegregation of schools, 14th Amendment
Gideon v. Wainright
In the case, the Supreme Court unanimously ruled that state courts are required under the Sixth Amendment of the Constitution to provide counsel in criminal cases for defendants who are unable to afford their own attorneys.
The Court determined that evidence obtained through a search that violates the Fourth Amendment is inadmissible in state courts.
McCulloch v Maryland
The supreme court upheld the power of the national govt and denied the right of a state to tax the bank; supremacy clause
required rights to be read to those arrested
1962 prohibited school prayer, because it violates the establishment clause (freedom of religion)