thinner branches; red branches with white polyps; bush like; min size of 3 cm
MURFRU Muricea fruticosaBrown gorgonian
thick close branches; fan pattern; white polyps; min size of 3 cm
CA golden gorgonian
thick close branches; fan pattern; yellow polyps; min size of 3 cm
thin and frequent branches; bright purple; fan shaped; more common in east; min size is 3 cm
stripes radiating from center; usually shallower; generally not clumped
ANTXANAnthopleura xanthrogrammica Giant green anemone
tentacles short; green; dark green stalk; no stripes
Fish eating anemone
red stalk; white tentacles; not very common; very conical tentacles
Sand Rose Anemone
most common; "junk on the trunk"; very comical tentacles; whitish tentacles, red stalk
always green and red; mottled green/red stalk; green tentacles with red band; conical tentacles
Stubby Rose Anemone
very flat; short, stubby tentacles; pink or purple; 4 whorls of tentacles
Spotted rose anemone
red stalk with white polka dots; very conical tentacles that are reddish with no bands
White plumed anemone
common in cold water; white stalk and tentacles
smaller aggregating anemone; white to cream to brown; no lobed oral disk
Tube Dwelling Anemone
grow in sand patches; varied colors; soft and fragile
need to make sure they are living
Cryptochiton stelleri, Gumboot Chiton
Largest Chiton. Leathery
mantle covers the eight plates. Mantle
reddish, brown color.
Megathura crenulata, Giant Key Hole Limpet
Shell has opening at
top. Mantle usually covers entire shell
and may be black, brown, or mottled
white and brown.
Lithopoma gibberosa, Red Turban Snail
Shell usually red brown.
Generally wider than tall. Compared to
L. undosum smooth operculum and
Megastraea undosa, Wavy Turban Snail
Tan colored shell usually heavily encrusted with algae, bryozoans etc. Edge of shell sculpted like pie crust. Operculum white with three prominent ridges.
Kelletia kelletii, Kellet’s Whelk
Operculum smooth and brown. White shell with long spiral. Shell generally very fouled especially in Southern. CA. Foot yellow with black lines and white specs.
Cypraea spadicea, Chestnut Cowry
Smooth shell with coppery, golden brown color. Mantle may be extended over shell. Shell is very rarely fouled if animal is alive. Mantle is clearish brown with dark spots.
Haliotis rufescens, Red Abalone
Shell usually red sometimes with bands of green or white. Three or four of the holes may be open. Epipodium, body and tentacles black and smooth, sometimes with light striping. Some individuals with white upper edge of epipodium.
Dark & smooth outer shell with five to seven open holes. Smooth black epipodium, frilly.
Thick, almost round shell. High arch. Rough edges. Two to four raised holes. Lacelike black & white epipodium. dark black and long tentacles.
Olive green to reddish exterior. 5-7 open slightly elevated holes. olive green w brow patches epipodium. grey-green short & thick tentacles.
Greenish shell with 4-6 open slightly raised holes. light cream epipodium with dark banding. Light brown and short tentacles.
Greenish brown outer shell. 3-6 slightly raised shell holes. green-brown frilly epipodium. green and slender tentacles.
Long, narrow, and flat shell. Red color. 4-8 open not-raised holes. rough frilly yellow-green epipodium. dark green & slender tentacles.
Thin, high arched, reddishbrown
shell. Three to five open and raised shell
holes. Epipodium is a light mottled yellowgreen
and beige, scalloped and lace-like.
Tentacles, long, thin and light green
Adults are attached to
substrate. Valves are thick with ribs that
have short spines.
California Sea Hare
Body soft and mottled
red/brown color. Two flap-like extensions
of foot come together on dorsal side
Giant Acorn Barnacle
Large, unstalked, sessile
barnacle. Easily identifiable by its size.
Short hairs on carapace. Decorate itself with algae, anems, bryozoans, etc.
Carapace width ~ 9cm
Oval carapace with spines and tubercles. usually bluish color. carapace width ~16cm.
Reddish brown shell with dark spots on underside. Carapace width ~15cm.
Smooth carapace. brown to reddish. blends well w kelp plants. Carapace width ~9cm.
Four lateral spiny projections on carapace. Large and slender lens. Smaller and redder than PUGPRO. Carapace ~3cm.
CA Spiny Lobster
Large antenna with small spines.
**Take size frequency.
Flat lateral carapace with leaf-like sides. White, yellow, brown, or reddish color. Carapace ~4cm.
Half-moon shaped carapace that covers it's legs. Neutral to sandy colored, bright orange, red, or purple. 5-10cm carapace.
Warty Sea Cucumber
Orange to brown with black spots. Can have spines like PARCAL.
California Sea Cucumber
Large conical spine-like papillae. No black spots (like PARPAR has). Dark red, brown, yellow, or orange.
Six Armed Star
Six arms. Short and flattened. Covered in small spines.
Red Sea Star
Bright red. 5 arms & central scales.
Long tapering arms, usually 5 but sometimes 4 or 6. Color can be orange or red.
Long tapering arms that are rarely the same length. Coarse surface. Mottled grayish color with dull red.
Fragile Rainbow Star
Arms covered in spines and with pedicellariae.
No spines nor pedicellariae. Arms appear webbed.
Large with 20-24 flexible arms.
Very smooth and leathery feeling. Orange, yellow, blue, or green color.
Large with sharp spines on arms.
Thick arms with numbers white spines.
Short Spined Star
Very short spines. Pink with white.
Giant Spined Star
Long spines with swollen tips. Each spine surround by blue circle.
Strap-like arms with smooth, granular surfaces. Grey-green or brown with white speckles.
5 long tapering arms with a small disc. Many large spines surrounded by wreaths of tiny pincers.
Crowned Sea Urchin
Deep purple. Very long spines.
White Sea Urchin
Sharp white spines shorter than diameter.
Red Sea Urchin
Large, red sharp spines half as long as diameter.
Short purple spines. Juveniles can have greenish spines.
Distinctive long stalk. Yellow or dark red-brown.
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