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____________ is a process by which an actor is able to “come to life”
SET, LIGHTS, COSTUME and SOUND
"There's a kind of dynamic quality about theater and that dynamic quality expresses itself in relation to, first of all, the environment in which it's being staged; then the audience, the nature of the audience, the quality of the audience."
- WOLE SOYINKA
- ALAN RICKMAN
-Most important before opening night - Least important on opening night and on
-Job where you try to become irrelevant
A director’s role
Style– individualization of the art form
Tempo– the changing rates or beats of dramatic action
Mood– the feelings or emotions generated by the clash of forces in the dramaticaction
Tone– a summary of the mood
Director is responsible for all spoken dialogues
Play (musical) that wasprecisely done over and over again, if anything was changed, audience would hate you
developing a story withthe actors with collaboration
o Inspiration/metaphor (I didn’t even knowI was going to write this play)
o They become a metaphor for society
§ Whois involved in the story
§ Snippetsof interaction
- Completion of the First Draft
- First time reaching out and gettingfeedback
- Stage Reading: First time play is heard
have investors –open-ended – will run as long as there are enough people to buy tickets
closed-ended-run –everything else – they know how many performances they are doing
Fully Staged Production
the guy who discovered Chaplin in US, keystone studios, Vaudeville comedian
How does the average age of childbearing (the age at which most women begin to have children) relate to fertility levels?
How did population growth compare (in terms of general speed) before and after industrialization?
In the demographic transition theory, which declines first, mortality or fertility?
What (broad) region had the highest rate of growth (due to high fertility rates) in 2010?
When did the world’s population growth rate peak? And has the world’s population size also peaked?
Period– event in year that affected entire pop (facebook going public)
Cohort– set of ppl defined by experiencing a pop event during same short time periodwhile (the impact facebook had on younger generations)
How do sex ratios (ratio ofmales/females) change over the lifecourse?
What is the benefit of using rates overjust counts of events (like births, deaths, etc)?
What about life expectancy in less developed countries?
-How did the type of diseases prevalent in thepopulation (and the primary causes of mortality) shift during the mortalitytransition?
improvement in infant mortality rates leads to a better life expectancy
What has happened to infant mortality over time?
-Why do decreases in infant mortality lead tothe largest improvements in life expectancy?
Where does the United States rank (roughly) in terms of infant mortality among industrialized countries?
-When were the first cases of AIDS discovered inthe US?
· Worldwide HIV/AIDS pandemic has peaked in terms of incidence but its prevalence is still increasing
-What are some of the barriers to providingtreatment/prevention for HIV/AIDS worldwide?
-What were Vaupel and Olshansky’s centralarguments regarding the future of life expectancy improvements? Where did theydiffer? Where did they agree?
-What are some of the potential limits to futureincreases in life expectancy?
Where do Vaupel and Olshansky agree future improvements in mortality will need to come from to extend life significantly?
the sink diagram we discussed in class, what does the water coming in from the faucet represent? How about the level of water in the sink at a particular moment? And what about the water going out through the drain?
Incidence is water going into the sink prevelance is water in the sink water going out of sink is cure and death
What is meant by a social gradient in health? Does it apply throughout the socioeconomic distribution, or just at particular levels?
What are some pieces of evidence suggesting a social gradient in health in the US and in other countries?
Low income=bad health, many low income indivuduals have bad teeth because they can not afford adequate dental care
What were the Whitehall studies? Where were they conducted, who was their study sample, and what did they find? Why was this important?
What are some of the causal mechanisms through which socioeconomic status might affect health?
What was the Matlab experiment in Bangladesh,and what did it show?
What is a “family planning” program,
What are some examples of policies that can improve parents’ ability to balance work and family?
Childcare provision, tax subsidies
What is a "pronatalist" policy, and what are some examples?
A policy which advocates increased fertility (tax reductions for couples with children)
What percentage of births in the U.S. today are to unmarried women? How has this changed over time?
Are college-educated young adults in the US today more or less likely to marry, compared with those with less education? Has this changed over time, and how, if so?
When did the Baby Boom peak in the United States?
What are some of the changes in family demography that some scholars argue are part of a “second demographic transition?”
Why is replacement-level fertility always above 2?
How is “urban” defined?
How has the percentage of the population living in urban areas changed over time (especially since the 1950s)? What’s expected to happen in the coming decades?
What are some current concerns about rapid urbanization in less developed countries?
Straining city resources, crimes, unemployment, poverty, homelessness, inaqequate saniatation, decrease in agricultural output, premature urbanization
What two criteria must a movement meet to be considered a “migration” demographically?
Explain the difference between migration stock and flow.
Are most migrants today coming from more or less developed countries? And what about the destination countries (i.e., where the migrants are going)? How has this changed over time?
Most migrants today are leaving LDCs for MDCs
What are push, pull and network factors (in terms of migration) and what are some examples of each?
How have the sending countries for immigrants coming to the United States changed since 1965? What led to this change?
What are some of the difficulties faced by low-income working Americans?
Providing food for their families, working long hours, paying off bills, accessing health care coverage
How is “low-income” defined in terms of the federal poverty threshold, and approximately what proportion of working families were considered low income in 2010?
What does “naturalization” mean? How common is it in the United States?
What are the different ways in which someone could become “undocumented” in the United States?
Entering illegally with inspection (non-immigrant visa overstayers, border crossing card violators), entering illegally without inspection (evaded the immigration inspectors and border patrol)
How extreme is global income inequality today? Looking at the chart presented in class from Milanovic’s
2010 book, for example, how do income levels compare in the United States and India?
What does “circular migration” mean, and why do scholars such as Douglass Massey argue that the pattern of circular migration between Mexico and the United States has been broken?
The temporary and usually repetitive movement of a migrant worker between home and host country, typically for the purpose of employment (the pattern has potentially been broken due to geographic dispersal of crossings and settlement, decline in migration of undocumented since 2008, deportation quotas)
How are “immigrants” officially defined in the United States? What is the difference between “new arrival” and “status adjuster” immigrants in the United States?
· An immigrant is someone who is lawfully admitted to permanently reside in the United States (excludes foreign students, H-1B workers, and tourists)
· New arrival: someone who has recently immigrated to the United States
· Status adjuster: someone who wishes to change their status as a resident of the United States (for example from a permanent resident to a U.S. citizen)
What is a “Green Card?”
The informal name for an identification card attesting to the permanent resident status of an immigrant in the United States
· Immigration Reform and Control Act (1986)
· Expansion of Border Patrol
· Sanctions on employers who knowingly hired illegal aliens
· Amnesty for undocumented workers who could prove continuous residence after 1982
· Special legalization program for undocumented farm workers
What has happened to the rates and number of unauthorized migrants to the United States in the past few years? How does this trend differ from that in prior decades?
In the past few years, the number of unauthorized migrants entering the United States has declined in comparison to the steady increases seen during the decades before
You’ve got everything- youth, brains – but the one thing you lack is “madness”.
And without “madness” a man will never cut the rope and be free!”
everything is objective/fact based. Things we know to be true because they’re in the text
“what is happening”; ex: instead of the guy form le mis jumping off a bridge, you make him kill himself with a gun.
director makes it his/her own
1) the scene takes place on a platform in front of the castle
2) its midnight, bitter cold3) two guards, one is replacing the other for the shift.
1) an inspiration/metaphor (the play Extremeties was inspired by a woman in a wine store that was raped. The other ppl in the play are a metaphor for society. Playwright initially rejected last part of the play-> lights are supposed to go out on the woman last.)
4)* Creation of dialogue
5) the first draft
(Development of the play)
Staged reading. First time play is heard. Many drafts written
Setting: farm. his house and her kitchen. play starts as its raining outside and the characters walk in after a funeral for the girls dad.
- Theater can be cathartic. Getting it out feels good.
- Getting it out can evoke feelings we didn't know we had
creating an issue based theater piece and sharing it with an audience in an attempt to encourage intervention and possible solutions.
A way of empowering the traditional passive observer to come up on stage and participate in change.
y2 - y1 / x2 - x1
point slope form
y-y1 = m(x-x1)
slope intercept form
two lines are parallel if
slopes are the same
self evident truth, requires no proof. (guru sparying axe body spray)
Completing the square on a perfect trinomial
(x-h)2 + (y-k)2 = r2
CENTER is (h,k)
d=√(x2-x1)2 + (y2-y1)2
on a number line
midpoint formula of a line segment
Mathematics can be displayed in 4 ways
making a prediction within the range of data
making a prediction outside the range of data
between 1 and -1. 1 is a linear increase, -1 linear decrease. 0 data scattered
square root of negative one
a+bi and c+di are equal only if...
a=c and b=d
a+bi is a real number if
standard form for a complex number
3+(-2)i is the same as....
complex numbers with fractions may be written
1/3 -2/3i or...
complex number addition
complex number subtraction
complex number multiplication
conjugate of this complex number
if "a" and "b" are real numbers then
the product of
(a complx # &its conjugate)
what is a complex numbers conjugate useful for?
"rationalizing" the denominator
cos = √2/2
sin = √2/2
Aristotle referred to characters as “the agents for the action.”
Diction is the meaning of the play, sometimes called the message or the idea.
An audience is not a necessary part of theater and does not directly influence the experience of watching a play.
Theater can happen anywhere as long as the audience and the performers are informed about where the event is going to happen.
On Broadway, most straight plays (non-musicals) have much longer runs than musicals.
The Curtain Call, The 4th Wall, and Asides are all examples of…
Where was Patsy Rodenburg when she had the experience with the gentleman that she used to illustrate why she does theater?
In a recent production of a new play that your instructor was in, what was all over his face as he played a scene in the cab of a truck?
When was Aristotle born?
Aristotle used the word ________________ to refer to everything the audience sees.
Aristotle was a student of …
Aristotle used the word _______________ to refer to everything the audience hears.
What is the title of Aristotle’s essay on the study of literary expression?
The vocabulary that is used in the formation of a play and the order in which the vocabulary is organized is what Aristotle referred to as …
What did Aristotle call the organizing traits of a play?
What did Aristotle say was “the life and soul of the drama”?
If a play has one simple plot with a beginning, middle, and end and unfolds in chronological order, it adheres to the …
How many elements of theater did Aristotle identify?
A play that happens in one passage of consecutive time, adheres to the …
A play that takes place in one single location adheres to the …
Who wrote the play Anton in Show Business?
Generally, Plays, Musicals, and Theatrical Performances that happen in Theaters with a minimum of 499 seats between 41st Street and 54th Street and between Sixth and Eighth Avenue in Midtown Manhattan are considered …
What is an example of a Broadway theater that is located outside of the “Broadway Box”?
What show won the 2013 Tony Award for Best Musical?
What show won the 2012 Tony Award for Best Musical?
A play or motion picture in which the storyline is interspersed with or developed by songs, dances, and the like is a …
A play that is not a musical is known as a …
Which of the plays below was not mentioned in the Best Plays of 2012 montage?
According to the video on the History of the Tony Awards, who were the awards named in honor of?
How many of the last 9 Pulitzer Prize winning plays got their start Off Broadway?
_____________ are Straight Plays, Musicals, and Theatrical Performances that happen in Theaters with less than 499 seats and more than 99 seats in New York City.
Which of the theaters listed below is an example of an Off Broadway Theater that is within the “Broadway Box.”
What is the seating capacity of the Gershwin Theatre?
What is the largest theater on Broadway?
When did the Off Off Broadway movement begin?
Any theater in New York that seats less than 99 people and operates without union contracts is considered…
What’s another name for Off Off Broadway?
Professional theater companies that operate outside of New York City are called…
What theater company won the 2012 Regional Theater Tony Award?
Generally, a theater company that pays its employees is considered…
What would you call a theater company that presents productions that are produced by other companies?
What would you call a theater company – like a Regional Theater – that produces its own work?
A theater company that is mostly operated by people who have day jobs and do theater in their spare time is probably a …
Which of the following is not a performance venue for the Rutgers Theater Company that is listed in the Unit 03 Lecture?
Where do students in the BFA Acting Program of Rutgers University, Mason Gross School of the Arts train during their junior year?
What are the five primary ways theater companies advertise?
Name three websites that you can use to research what’s playing on Broadway.
List the name of one straight play that is currently playing on Broadway.
List the name of one straight play that is currently playing Off Broadway.
List the name of one musical that is currently playing on Broadway.
List the name of one musical that is currently playing Off Broadway.
Who is currently playing Elphaba in the Broadway production of Wicked?
Who will be playing Queen Elizabeth II in the upcoming Broadway production of The Audience?
When will the upcoming Broadway production of The Audience officially open (this does not include previews).
What are the three primary types of discount tickets for Broadway and Off Broadway shows?
What was the first show your instructor saw on Broadway?
What is the name of the place in Times Square where you can purchase half price tickets for Broadway and Off Broadway shows on the day of the performance?
What is the name of the Off Broadway show that your instructor credits as the reason he tells people not to ignore Off Broadway and claims is still the best show he has ever seen?
What is it called when there is a night in a theater when there is no show playing?
What is the name of a theater space that looks like a movie theater that's missing the screen and only has audience on one side of the stage?
What is a stage that is higher off the ground in the back than it is in the front - near the audience?
What is the name of the arch that covers a stage?
What is the area of seating in a theater that is closest to the stage?
What is the name of a theater space with a stage that extends out into the audience and has audience members on three sides?
What is the name of the person on the staff of a theater who has been placed in charge of the house and everything in "Front of House?"
What is the name of a theater space with a stage that has audience on all four sides, or a stage that has audience all around?
What is the area of a theater, also called the auditorium, that is designated as a place where audience members can sit?
What is the name of a theater space that is very flexible with seating that is usually not permanent?
What would you call a space like the corner of a lobby, a park, a street corner, a dump, or a fire escape where theater takes place?
Should you turn off your cell phone in a theater?
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