...of tension (muscular, irritation), apprehension (fearful of what future holds), and expectations of inability to cope
Behavioral responses [to anxiety]
...such as avoidance (so person is aware or what they are afraid of), and impaired speech (stutter), motor functioning, and performance on cognitive tasks
Physiological responses [to anxiety]
...such as muscle tension, increased heart rate and blood pressure, rapid breathing, dry mouth, nausea, diarrhea, and dizziness
Fear is an immediate alarm reaction to anxiety. It protects us by activating a massive response from the autonomic nervous system. This is when anxiety spikes up.
Panic attack is an abrupt experience of intense fear or acute discomfort, accompanied by physical symptoms that usually include heart palpitations, chest pain, shortness of breath, and possibly dizziness.
Quantitative trait loci
Sophisticated method of investigation that has allowed investigators to identify relevant areas on a number of chromosomes in animals. Allows us to see genetic contribution to a particular kind of trait.
Sir Richard Doll (scientist)
Researched cigarette smoking and was first person to discover that it causes lung cancer and other health problems. This was in 1950, but Surgeon Generals warning started in 1964.
places or situations where and initial panic attack occurred
increases In heart rate or respiration
The tendency to be uptight of high-strung may be inherited
Generalized psychological vulnerability
World is dangerous, inability to cope, etc
Specific psychological vulnerability
...in which one learns early in life that some situations are fraught with danger
Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)
Intense, uncontrollable, unfocused, chronic, and continuous worry that is distressing and unproductive, and that lasts for at least 6 months
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