Goes back to the 13th century with magnifying lenses were being constructed and used for spectacles. It was discovered the glass could provide shapes and views. Until 1590: Dutch father and son team of Zacharias and Hans Janssen build first compound microscope.
Boyle, Descartes and Newton all brought this idea of a ____ God where he created the Universe but just let life go on like a clock master and just winded the world and let it go about its life.
a life force which animates all living things. You have mechanical structures to living things, but there is a vital occult force that gives things life.
Early modern scientists such as Boyle, Descartes and Newton were trying to find ways to avoid referring to God. But Boyle and his contemporaries were not atheists, they were deists, which had a basic conception of God. They recognize that God created the Universe and got the world rolling and sets the natural laws, but he kind of let it go on its own, that we are in control of our lives and decisions.
That matter is made up of tiny particles and that the shapes, forms and qualities of various things are the result of the formation and movement of the _____, and joined together they form larger structures.
Empidocles (484-424BC) Four primary elements (earth, air, water, fire, which are all equivalent or analogous to solids, liquids, gases)
1. He’ll explain the material cause for something being the way it is.
2. He’ll explain the formal cause (its shape or form)
3. The efficient cause (the thing that shaped it or made it)
4. Its final purpose
McKenzie and the sociology of texts
this approach requires this group effort of different people who have an effect on books with their contribution. This shows how the text change and impacts society
The bio-bibliographical communication circuit
science based upon empirical evidence, observation, experiment, hypothesis
Promoter of the ‘New Science’ and the
‘New Experimental Philosophy.’
He rejected the obscurantism and mysticism
of traditional alchemy, in favor of a more
modern rationalism—though he kept the
operative and experimental aspects. He also
made Alchemy/Chymistry more concerned
with theoretical notions about the structure of
chemicals and the nature of air–thus helping
to pave the way to modern atomic theory.
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