Goods whose desirability is predicted at least in part on short supplies, limited access, higher prices and consequent social honor or position.
EX: caviar, designer jeans
a multidimensional set of social processes that create, multiply, stretch and intensify worldwide social interdependence and exchanges while at the same time establishes a growing awareness of deepening connections between local and distant.
Treadmill of Consumption
A cycle of working to earn $ to consume products that inevitably need to be replaced and or products that are considered necessary because of advertising.
describing or considering meaningful social interaction such as work, leisure, education in monetary terms.
products planned to be replaced shortly after going on the market
EX: computers, edition text books, phones...
economist/philosopher who argued that material conditions are the main determinant of human history
said, "A thing is right when it tends to preserve it integrity, stability, and beauty of the Biotic Community. It is wrong when it tends to deviate"
when populations grow so that they are constantly compounding
economist who predicted that exponential population growth would lead to widespread catastrophic conditions such as hunger, poverty and disease.
An anti-mathusian argument made by Julian Simon stating that the solution to resource scarcity is actuality to increase population. people= ultimate resource.
Created the cornucopian position
a measure that describes that number of earths needed to sustain ones current environmental resource consumption.
AVERAGE FOR OUR CLASS: 4-6 Earths
off the shoulder style clothing, raybans, bell bottoms... All styles or products that people believed would go out of fashion but infact are still used.
LAWS OF ECOLOGY*
1) everything is connected to everything else
2) everything must go somewhere
3) Nature Knows Best
4) There is no such thing as a free lunch
TRUE/FALSE- Most people in class think that being an only child is a bad thing
TRUE/FALSE- when asked how many children they planned on having, most people answered that religion and ethnicity were deciding factors
TRUE/FALSE- the majority of students planned on having 3 children
TRUE/FALSE- Majority of student thought that global warming is an issue but there are other problems that should be addressed
TRUE/FALSE- Empirical Studies of Environmental Justice rarely find inequality
TRUE/FALSE- According to king and Mccarthy, fine particles are estimated to kill twice as many people as auto accidents
TRUE/FALSE- In 2007 the IPCC stated that climate change is "unequivocal" and highly likely due to human activity
TRUE/FALSE- According to Craven, science can never prove anything absolutely
TRUE/FALSE- Americans average happiness is at an all time high because of our ever increasing productivity and average incomes
TRUE/FALSE- A country can have a decline in fertility at the same time as the population is growing
STORY OF STUFF- quotes, topics, important info
"who owns earth's natural resources?"
"what makes one happy?"
FOOD INC- quotes, topics, important info
-stresses agribusiness vs food as nutrition
- stresses that corn or corn based products like corn syrup is found in large % of commercial products
What are false globalization statements?
1) It's natural
2) It's inevitable
3) It will be good for everyone
4) It promotes Democracy
Material basis of human condition
humans are embodied, more than mindful, imaginative thinking beings
Why are forgers/gatherers affluent?
Sahlin states that they are affluent because they have everything that they need and do not work as hard as agriculturalists or those in industrial society
Ways FOOD Inc. described food production
Quantity vs Quality, unsafe, unhealthy, laws not enforced and factory produced.
CRAVEN- What factors help us understand why populace does not worry about global warming?
-No evil intent, not a clear, immediate threat. It is gradual and issue does not offen moral sensibilities
Skeptics of Global
It's not happening, not human caused, costs too much to fix, too big to fix
Global Warming (in ecological terms)
Increased volume of CO^2 in the atmosphere such that it changes how the atmosphere behaves.
rising sea levels, expansion of pest population, expansion of disease spreading insects, change in rainfall patterns, collapse of ocean conveyor belt
After 1945 or after WW2 (1946-1970) was a turning point in industrialization and environmental issues
Basic Laws of Capitalistic Development
"self regulation market knows best"
"nature's bounty is a free gift to the property owner"
"everything is reduced to cash nexus or $ relations"
"things can go out of the capitalist center and not re-enter"
Want to see the other 36 Flashcards in TEST 1 flash cards?JOIN TODAY FOR FREE!