Axis I: Clinical Disorders and Other Conditions that may be a focus of Clinical Attention. EX. Bipolar, Depression, schizophrenia, Axis II: Personality Disorders and Mental Retardation. EX. MR, Paranoid, Borderline Axis III: General Medical Conditions. EX. AIDS Axis IV: Psychosocial and Environmental Problems. EX. legal, healthcare, Educational Axis V: Global Assessment of Functioning (number from 0-100) Culture-bound syndromes ? Patterns of abnormal behavior found within only one or a few cultures. Culture-bound syndromes may reflect exaggerated forms of common folk superstitions and belief patterns within a particular culture. Culture-bound syndromes in the United States include anorexia nervosa and dissociative identity disorder (formerly called multiple personality disorder). The Clinical Interview 1. Identifying data 2. Description of the presenting problem(s) 3. Psychosocial history 4. Medical/psychiatric history 5. Medical problems/medication Interview formats Unstructured interview ? interview in which the clinician adopts his or her own style of questioning rather than following any standard format. Semistructured interview ? interview in which the clinician follows a general outline Objective tests ? Self-report personality tests that can be scored objectively Projective tests ? Psychological tests that present ambiguous stimuli onto which the examinee is thought to Reality testing ? the ability to perceive the world accurately and to distinguish reality from fantasy
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