Agents of federal government. Help in first years of freedom. (rations, disputes) Ran courts for freed people before states readmitted to Union.
Put on ballot to balance ticket. Hated slavery as well as blacks. Constant friction with congress. vetoed Freedman's bureau extension act but it still passed. Congress tried to remove him by impeachment but failed.
restrictive laws (during reconstruction) as much like slavery as possible
Civil Rights Act (1866)
Act that invalidated the Black Codes for black suffrage --> prevented discrimination, guaranteed equal protection by law, and declared blacks US citizens
Rights of all Americans: make contracts, bring lawsuits, enjoy equal proection of security of person and property.
Frees slaves. Problems: they are not prepared (no money, no land, no education)
defined citizenship. (equal protection). Problem: difficult to define and enforce