- University of Wisconsin - Whitewater
- Political Science
- Political Science 330
- Test 1
Last Modified: 2011-06-28
2)moral and ethical reasons- what's the right thing to do?
3)political- shift in public opinion? rise of social movement?
3)information failures (why the FDA was established to ensure info to public)
4)inability to provide public or collective goods
negative-when 2 partys interact and as a result, a 3rd party is hurt/damaged and does not get compensation.
toll goods-can be jointly consumed, and exclusion is feasible. (ex. utility bill/cable bill)
common pool resources- cannot be jointly consumed and exclusion is not feasible. (ex. air/water/natural grazing lands... all unowned or "unowned by all")
pure public goods- can be jointly consumed and exclusion is not feasible. (ex. National Defense/public parks)
Efficiency- refers to what a policy proposal costs in relation to its expected benefits to society. Also, trying to maximize the benefit for the least amount of money.
Equity- refers to the consideration of what constitutes a fair or equitable policy choice
Political and Administrative Feasibility- whether or not an elected official/policy maker will support a policy proposal.
-gov't growth has led to an entire occupational sector
-the scope of gov't increases the likelihood of conflicting public policies and greater difficulty in addressing society's problems
-policymaking in a large, complex gov't organization takes more time and effort to analyze policy process than a smaller gov't
1930's- New Deal allowed corporate federalism aka collaboration on policymaking between the national and state gov'ts. This allowed many large scale federal programs to occur and work because block and categorical grants soon began becoming popular. Unfunded mandates were a downside.
Intensity- the more intense the movement or group, the more publicity which is drawn and the more sucessful the movement.
protective regulation- protects general public from activities that occur in private sector (consumer protection/OSHA workplace safety)
pragmatic policy adjustments- adjusting an existing policy because it makes sense and is almost certain to work (ex. lowering speed limit from 70 mph to 65 mph because it was shown in a study to save lives)
comprehensive approach- more in-depth, takes longer but provides more information with more precision but if the study takes too long, its findings may be irrelevant when released.
contentious- research on a policy w/ a skeptical approach and is distrusting of info causes the one studying policy to act as a "moral critic" of the policy and considering new approaches
democratic political process- aka citizen involvement with in policy process or everyday political activities. many believe citizens should have involvement within the policy process, however if citizens decide which policy to enact via vote; then the policy process done by gov't officials would suffer or be cut out completely.
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