test 2 review
Last Modified: 2011-06-27
What is the definition of learning?
What is classical conditioning?
What is an unconditioned stimulus, ?
Who was Ivan Pavlov?
What is extinction?
Who was John Watson?
Who was B.F. Skinner?
What is an operant?
What is reinforcement?
What is the stage model of memory?
What is maintenance rehearsal?
What is chunking?
What is the tip-of-the-tongue experience?
What is the serial position effect?
What is a flashbulb memory?
How long can information be held in short-term memory?
How is intelligence defined?
What is an intelligence quotient (IQ) ?
Who was Alfred Binet?
Who was David Wechsler?
What did the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale measure/verbal and performance scores?
What forms of intelligence did Howard Gardner's theory of Multiple Intelligences include? (8 areas)
What are the 3 basic characteristics commonly associated with motivation
What is Drive Theory of Motivation?
What is homeostasis?
What are the levels of Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs?
When people have a high level of achievement motivation, they also have the capacity to delay gratification in order to achieve their goals.
Emotion is to intense and short lived as mood is to general, pervasive, and longer lasting. Emotions are essential to successful living, helping us choose appropriate goals and make good choices and decisions.
Nervous system/what is the difference between the sympathetic and parasympathetic? page 356
sympathetic: fight or flight
parasypathetic: calms you down returns everything to normal
What is the connection between instinctual fear response and the thalamus/amygdala route? page 358
What is the correct order of prenatal development?
Germinal period) 1st 2 weeks of development. rapid cell division, before becoming implanted on the uterus wall.Embriotic period) begins with week 3 extends to 8 rapid growth, organs and major body systems form
Fetal period) beginning in the 3rd month to last month, body systems grow and reach maturity
What is the difference in these temperaments: easy, slow-to-warm-up, and difficult?
What is attachment theory?
Comprehension vocabulary is to understanding as production vocabulary is to speaking.
comprehention vocabulary is the words that are understood by an infant or child. usually acuire comprehension twice as fast as production
Production vocabulary is the words that an infant or child understands and can speak.
What are the levels of Piaget's cognitive development theory and what do they consist of?
What is conservation?
Compare Piaget's stage theory to Vygotsky's socio-cultural theory in developing cognitively. (independent versus supportive interactions)
What are Erikson's eight stages of personality development and at what age do they comprise?
What are the levels of moral development in Kohlberg's theory?
Marital satisfaction may increase when children mature and leave the household.
What is the activity aging theory of aging?
Parenting Styles: two dimensions/parental control and parental responsiveness
What did Agneta Fischer discover in looking at gender differences on emotion. page 425
Sex is biological and gender is emotional.
Why do men and women consistently differ in the two personality dimensions of nurturance and assertiveness?
What is the difference in focus in male friendships and female friendships/tasks versus feelings
Gender-role stereotypes are prevalent in every culture.
When David Buss examined mate preferences in 37 different cultures, he found that men as compared to women placed a higher value on youth and physical attractiveness.
What are the most common sexual problems for women?
AIDS is caused by the HIV virus which is transmitted through the exchange of infected bodily fluids.
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