views that people have their own and others positions in society. Individuals seek confirmation from others that they occupy the positions on the social landscape that they claim to occupy.
Egocentric View of the Self
a view of self that defines each person as a replica of all humanity, the locus of motivations and drives, capable of acting independently from others.
Sociocentric View of the Self
a view of the self that is context dependent; there is no intrinsic self that can possess enduring qualities.
Rites of Passage
a term suggested by Arnold Van Gemp for rituals that marks a person's passage from one identity or status to another.
a term coined by Peggy Sanday that refers to the deployment of the penis as a symbol of masculine social power and dominance.
Principle of Reciprocity
the social principle that giving a gift creates social ties with the person receiving it, who eventually is obligated to reciprocate
origin of private property; others claim it was created to satisfy the organizational needs of war. Refers to a system by which categories of people in a society are ranked in a hierarchy.
Integrative Theory of Social Stratification
a theory based on the assumption that social hierarchy is necessary for the smooth functioning of modern society.
Exploitative Theory of Social Stratification
a theory based on the assumption that hierarchy exists because one group of individuals seeks to take advantage of another group for economic purposes.
applied science or the biosocial movement which advocated the use of practices aimed at improving the genetic composition of a population.
cultural classification systems for grouping people
the practice and science of classification
you inherit the lease prestigious race from your parents
types of physical variation
a culturally defined position associated with a particular social structure
the culturally generated behavior associated with particular statuses
an assortment of people that are organized by culturally defined rules and categories
a human relationship marked by differences in power, authority, prestige, and access to valued goods and services by the payment of deference
the ranking of people or groups based on the unequal access to valued economic resources and prestige
a system of stratification defined by unequal access to economic resources and prestige, but permitting individuals to alter their rank
a form of stratification defined by unequal access to economic resources and prestige, which is acquired at birth and does not permit individuals to alter their rank
societies that, with the exception of ranked differences between men and women and adults and children, provide all people an equal chance at economic resources and prestige; most hunter-gatherer societies
societies stratified on the basis of prestige only
societies that are at least partly organized on the principle of social stratification
traits that are not linked
no biological basis, traits that are not linked to one another, arbitrary
related to race, not distinct biological types
wanted to prove that blacks were dying out because they couldn't survive after they had been freed
refers to the meanings we assign to sexual organs from birth; not fixed, predictable or universal