the practice of taking an oath of truth. Value was tied to the value of the oath-takers life.
Assize of Clarendon
established the beginnings of the grand jury system. determines whether the evidence is strung enough to charge the accused.
signed by king john in 1215. limited the king's power and recognized nobles rights.
court of the star chamber
established to deal with offenses such as riots, unlawful assembly, perjury, criminal libel, and conspiracy. noted for its abuses. abolished in 1641.
bill of rights
1st 10 amendment in the constitution, which guarantees fundamental rights and privileges to citizens.
Duncan V Louisiana
defendents charged with serious offenses are entitled to a jury trial.
Marbury V. Madison
established that judiciary is as equal to the executive and legislative branches of government.
plessy v ferguson
Louisiana law that mandated "equal but separate accommodations for white and colored races" on all RailRoad cars was reasonable.
McCulloch V Maryland
established the court could find that the constitution included implied powers that could be deduced from its nature and language.
United States V leon
evidence may be admitted if the fault for the bad warrant rests with the court and not with the police.
Gideon V Wainwright
Indigent (poor) defendants have the right to court appointed attorneys in felony cases.
reaffirmed the superiority of of federal law over state law. supreme became court of last resort.
Argersinger V Hamlin
defendants have the right to a attorney if an offense, regardless of its seriousness, is punishable by incarceration.
Scott V Illinois
states may incarcerate offenders only if they have been represented by counsel.
Batson V Kentucky
Supremem court established that the use of premtory challenges to peremptory challenges to racially manipulate a jury, violates the defendants right to an impartial jury.
Furman V Georgia
decision set forth that the administration of the death penalty constitution cruel and unusual punishment, not the death penalty itself.
Writ of Certiorari
an order from a superior court calling up or review the record case from a lower court.
Missouri Bar Plan
a judicial nominating commission presents a list of candidates to the governor, who decides on a candidate. after a year in office, voters decide whether to retain the jude. also called merit selection.
The going rate
Term describing how similar cases have been settles by a given set of judges, prosecutors and attorneys.
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