Find study materials for any course. Check these out:
Browse by school
Make your own
To login with Google, please enable popups
To login with Google, please enable popups
Don’t have an account?
To signup with Google, please enable popups
To signup with Google, please enable popups
Sign up withor
Rieger and Savin-Williams (2012) measured participants' pupil dilation when they were shown neutral images and sexually explicit images. In this study, pupil dilation is a
In the moment of conception, the father's sperm unites with the mother's egg to produce a(n):
The textbook notes that "MRI and fMRI an be used to study sexual arousal during intercourse..." In such research, fMRI would use __ to reveal __
Strong Magnets; brain areas active during sex
It is possible to determine an embryo's sex _____ weeks after conception through a blood test.
Fetal genital anatomy can be detected by ultrasound at about:
The end of the first trimester
Menarche is to spermarche as _____ is to _____.
Which is the poorest predictor of mathematics performance among children?
Based on the information provided in the textbook, the most reasonable position to take with respect to the source of gender differences in cognition is probably:
an interactionist position
A mental framework for organizing information about gender is called a gender:
The textbook states that "... infants as young as 6 months can learn to discriminate between male and female faces and voices" This finding:
Suggests that biological explanations of gender typing may be incomplete
An individual who displays behaviors associated with both genders is:
During which phase of the sexual response are males unable to have another orgasm?
During the resolution phase of the sexual response cycle, men are unable to develop an erection for a while; this is the ____ period.
An individual who is sexually, romantically, or emotionally attracted to members of the same sex is:
According to Alfred Kinsey, heterosexuality and homosexuality are BEST thought of as:
With respect to the potential brain bases of sexual orientation, recent fMRI research revealed that the _____ is _____ among gay men than among straight men
corpus callosum; thicker
In a large-scale Swedish study, the frequency of penile-vaginal intercourse is positively associated with:
both satisfaction with relationships and satisfaction with life in general.
The frequency of penile-vaginal intercourse is _____ correlated with life expectancy.
An emphasis on abstinence in sex education courses is linked with:
higher teenage pregnancy rates
Men who experience a frequent inability to ejaculate may suffer from a condition called:
About _____% of American women report frequent pain during intercourse.
Bacterial is to viral as _____ is to _____.
chlamydia; genital herpes
_____ sexually transmitted infections are curable.
As of 2009, approximately _____ million people worldwide are infected with HIV.
Which figure BEST approximates the number of people who have died of HIV-related complications since the virus was first identified?
Approximately 1 in _____ Americans with HIV is unaware that he or she has the infection.
Gary is sexually aroused by the sight, smell, and feel of women's undergarments. Gary's case illustrates:
_____ refers to the unique set of core characteristics that influence the way an individual feels, thinks, and acts.
The distinct patterns of emotional reaction s and behaviors seen at a young age make up one's:
Baby Rebecca is easygoing and curious. She adapts quickly to changes. These characteristics are part of Rebecca's _____. They will ultimately contribute to part of her adult ___.
According to the humanistic perspective, personality reflects:
an individual's choices and strivings for personal growth
Freud's preconscious mind is MOST similar to _____ memory.
The superego starts developing around _____ years of age.
5 or 6
The study of defense mechanisms is associated not only with Sigmund Freud but also with:
In Freud's theory of psychosexual development, the genitals are the erogenous zone during:
both the phallic stage and the genital stage.
In Freud's theory, developmental concerns that persist into adulthood and continue to influence personality are called:.
With respect to Freud's theory of psychosexual development, anal is to toilet training as _____ is to _____.
Psychosexual development slows during the _____, which lasts from ages _____.
latency period; 6 to 12
_____ and _____ are prominent psychologists associated with the humanistic perspective.
Abraham Maslow; Carl Rogers
_____ emphasized the importance of one's self-concept.
Julian Rotter proposed the concept of:
locus of control.
Dustin believes that landing a good job largely depends on luck and the overall state of the economy. Jennifer believes that getting her dream job depends mainly on her education, job search skills and attitude. Dustin displays ___ locus of control, whereas Jennifer exhibits an ___ locus of control.
Bradley knows that an "A" on tomorrow's final examination is critical if he hopes to keep his scholarship. He feels confident that he is well prepared and knows the material inside out. Which phrase would Julian Rotter use to summarize Bradley's situation?
high reinforcement value, high expectancy
In Eysenck's theory, an individual who is even-tempered and reliable is MOST likely a(n):
Pearl is gentle, cooperative, trusting, and helpful. Ruby is outgoing, talkative, fun-loving, and affectionate. Pearl probably scores high on the Big Five dimension of ___, whereas Ruby likely scores high on ___.
In general, women score higher than men on all the Big Five traits EXCEPT for:
The Big Five personality dimensions demonstrate:
both biological reality and cross-cultural generality
"Every time I take it, it comes up with something different!" remarks Rita, turning away from the online personality quiz she just completed. Rita is complaining about the test's ___ reliability.
_____ reliability refers to the consistency of a test's results when it is scored by more than one person.
Which term indicates the ability of a test to measure what it actually is supposed to measure?
In a(n) _____ face-to-face interview, there is no predetermined line of questioning.
Barry is looking at an abstract collage of colors, lines, and shapes, trying to come up with an interpretation of it. Barry may be taking a(n) ____personality test.
Which aspect of a Facebook profile do viewers weigh most heavily when making inferences about an individual's personality?
the profile photo
Recall the "three Ds" of psychological disorders mentioned in the textbook. The extent to which a behavior falls outside society's standards or rules is referred to as its:
In round numbers, the DSM-5 lists approximately _____ disorders.
During David Rosenhan's study, in which several colleagues were admitted into mental hospitals, which group was most likely to detect that these secret "pseudopatients" actually did not suffer from mental illness?
actual mental patients
_____ refers to the occurrence of two or more psychological disorders at the same time.
The _____ perspective is the most integrative approach to psychological disorders.
Several times in the past two moths, Petra has experienced a racing heart, intense fear that something horrible is about to happen, and a inability to breathe. Petra most likely is suffering from ____ disorder.
Michael is extremely fearful of germs. He sleeps in a special chamber at night, wears gloves, and will only eat food that he can unwrap. His symptoms are most characteristic of:
Walter has an intense fear of public speaking. Because he can engage only in one-on-one interactions, he has been passed over for promotions. Walter's case illustrates ____ disorder.
_____ is characterized by excessive worry and unease concerning multiple aspects of life.
Generalized anxiety disorder
Heather has been feeling depressed and listless lately. She has had no motivation and has lost interest in activities she once enjoyed. For Heather to be diagnosed with major depression, these symptoms must last for at least:
At some point in their lives, nearly 1 in _____ American adults will experience an episode of major depression.
_____ is characterized by moods that alternate between the hopelessness and lethargy of depression and the euphoric, hyperactive state of mania.
A family history of bipolar disorder increases one's risk for developing the disorder by a factor of:
Darla has an identical twin who was recently diagnosed with bipolar disorder. Research suggests that the chances that Darla will also suffer from bipolar disorder at some point in her life may be as high as ____.
Which mood disorders term is correctly paired with its description?
hypomania- a less intense, less disruptive state of elation than mania
Perception is to _____ as cognition is to _____.
Michael complains that threatening voices are constantly telling him he is so evil he should kill himself. Michael is experiencing a(n):
People with schizophrenia often have disturbed perceptions called _____, which are sensory experiences without sensory stimulation from the environment.
One positive symptom of schizophrenia is:
Disorganized speech is a _____ symptom of schizophrenia. Hearing voices is a _____ symptom.
Overall, researchers agree that schizophrenia is about _____ heritable.
Mrs. Pollard is expecting her first child. She and her husband both have schizophrenia. Their child's risk of developing schizophrenia is about:
Kristi has been detached from her friends and classmates. She displays such emotionless disengagement that she might be diagnosed with ____ personality disorder.
Narcissistic personality disorder is characterized by a(n):
exaggerated sense of self-importance
Which personality disorder is correctly matched with its description?
antisocial personality disorder- unethical, impulsive, aggressive
Dr. Herbert suggests that dissociative symptoms are created as defenses against the anxiety created by unacceptable unconscious urges. Dr. Hebert reflects psychology's ____ perspective.
The text suggests that dissociative disorders generally occur as a result of:
extreme stress or trauma.
Sign up for free and study better.
Get started today!