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University of Tennessee - Knoxville
University of Tennessee - Knoxville
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INTRODUCTION TO PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY (ELEVENTH EDITION WITH EVOLUTION OF THE BRAIN MODULE)
What is the composition of our air?
4 Types of Air Pollutions
1. Smog forms from other gases like Ozone, Nitrogen Oxides
3. co1, co2
4. Acid Rain
What are primary pollutants?
An air pollutant emitted from a direct source.
What are secondary pollutants?
Not directly emitted as such, but forms when other pollutants (primary pollutants) react in the atmosphere.
What class of pollutant is smog?
Smog is a classic secondary pollutant and photochemical pollutant.
What is the main cause of acid rain?
What PH level does rain need to be acid rain?
Rain with a PH of < 5.6
Do rocks in Tennessee help or hurt the acid rain problem?
They help because we have lime stone.
VOC stands for?
Volatile Organic Compound.
Why is smog bad around us?
1. We live in a valley thus smog is bad.
2. No automobile inspection.
3. Big Interstate around us.
What is the most polluted national park?
Great Smokey Mountains.
Why is the Great Smokey Mountains so polluted?
People drive through it. It is a commuter national park.
What do AQI stand for?
Air Quality Index
What do PM stand for?
How much % of our lives is spent indoors?
Why is indoor air pollution bad?
1. Indoor circulations concentrates gases.
SBS stands for?
Sick Building Syndrome.
What is the most dangerous air pollution?
1. Second Hand Smoke
Which state has the highest rate of lung cancer?
Tennessee, due to high radon rates and people smoking.
What is Global Warming also known as?
Global Weirding / Climate Change.
What are the 4 green house gases?
1. Co2 50%
Which place will have the last ice on the planet?
Which ice disappears first?
1. Mountain Glaciers.
2. North Pole is second.
What was the Co2 Concentration before humans existed?
What is the Co2 Concentration since humans?
T/F Temperature tracks closely with gases?
How much does the temperature rise in roughly 100 years?
If all the ice melts how many feet with the sea level rise?
300ft of the ocean will be around Orlando.
Which place on Earth will be great to live in?
T/F Dry areas get more dryer, Wet areas get more wet.
What treaty was signed to phase out fossil fuels?
Why did the Kyoto Treaty not work?
1. Hurts our economy
2. Poor Countries are exempt.
How is our solid waste broken up?
2. Recycle 30%
3. Incineration 15%
4. Land Fill 55%
How many pounds of household garbage are made per person everyday?
Around 5 pounds.
What is the composition of most household garbage?
1. 40% paper
2. 25% yard waste
3. Packaging 33%
What is bad about land fills?
1. Lots of space
3. Leachate. (Contaminated ground water that leaks out)
4. Preserved waste doesn't decompose.
What is the problem with Incineration?
People don't want it in their backyard.
What does NIMBY stands for?
Not in My Back Yard
What is the name of Knoxville's landfill?
What is a cell?
Pressed waste surrounded by clay.
What is great about recycling?
1. Raw materials of production
2. Energy use (Recycling process uses less energy than mining, logging, extracting resources.)
3. Less Pollution
4. Creastes jobs
What does closing the loop mean?
Buying a recycled product.
What is single stream recycling?
Sorted at the factory
What is dual stream recycling?
When we sort it out before it goes to the factory?
T/F We recycle about 50% as much as most countries?
What is glass made of?
What is plastic made of?
What is the most recycled material?
What is the least recycled material?
Plastic and Glass
How many trees would be saved if we recycled all the paper we used?
How many kinds of plastic are there?
T/F The smaller the number the more likely it is to be recycled.
1st kind of plastic ...
1. Polyethylene Terephthalte
2. High Density Polyethylene
What is not recycled in Knoxville?
Brown Plant materials are
High in CarbonG
Green plant materials are
High in Nitrogen
What is Pay as you throw?
You pay as you throw a garbage bag.
California does this.
What does a Bottle Bill do?
Cuts Litter 35-40%
What is the tragedy of the commons?
Public place that no one owns but everyone uses.Wh
What is the best way to make people behave?
What is externality?
Unpaid environmental costs.
What is a way to fix externalities?
Stopping harmful subsidies to companies that cause ecological damage?
What are some benefits of green taxes?
Reduces food and income taxes.
Taxes can be used to discourage negative behaviors.
What is wrong with the current ethical system?
Only relates to people and omits nature.
What did Aldo Leopold do?
Sand County Almanack - Started environmental ethics.
What does the Sand County Almanack way about environmental ethics?
Something is right which promotes environmental health, wrong that which does not.
Which gender pollutes the worst?
Men are the worst polluters.
T/F The Southeast has the most pollution and sprawl and the weakest environmental laws.
How much paper do we use per-year?
What is the best way to dispose of people's bodies?
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