When we want to simply communicate our message, we focus on which goal?
getting the job done
What does the term genderlects refer to
the fundamental differences between the way men and women communicate
Symbols such as a smiley face used to communicate in a text
Critiques of work regarding gender differences in communication question her assumption that
gender is biologically based
Sharing thoughts and feelings when communicating is known as
Men and women raised in individual cultures
less concerned with emotions and feelings in communication
In a diagram of relationships in comp mediated communication, an individual is called
"Why do you always" or "you never" is called
A genetically female infant who has ambiguous genitals is called
Male reproductive system
Primary function of mons veneris
protect genitals during intercourse
The penis is composed of how many cylinders?
The corpus spongoisum
contains tissue that fills with blood to cause erection
The foreskin is also called the
The average flaccid penis is
3-4 inches long
The collected product of sweat and oil glands that can accumulate under the foreskin is
Testicles are located outside the body because
sperm need to be cooler to survive
Primary purpose of the scrotum
keep testicles cool
How long does sperm formation take?
Most research on love measures
influence bonding with infants and moms
Who is more likely to be jealous?
someone with low self-esteem
Our sexual anatomy becomes functional
The majority of heterosexual teens substitute oral sex for sexual intercourse
During adolescence, masturbation
increases for boys and girls
Teens make up 25% of sexually active people, and how much percent of all new STI's each year?
The majority of Americans believe that sex ed should emphasize
increase risk for STI's and pregnancy
Trends in marriage
couples are marrying later, marriages are happier, white adults are more likely to marry
Those who cohabit before marriage are
more likely to divorce
In first year of parenthood, whose experience declines relationship quality?
lesbian, gay, and heterosexual couples
Truth about testosterone
men produce more than women
Rash is in what stage of the sex cycle?
Vaginal walls lubricating
Length of retractory period is related to
Swelling of penis due to vascogention is
Orgasm during masturbation is
more physiologically intense/less satisfying
Men and women's sexual fantasies
become more similar
Gay men have older brother
maternal immune hypothesis
Sexual experimentation does not
necessarily define sexual orientation
Growing up as G, L, B
boys feel unattached, lesbians later, heterosexual is transmitted by media, parents, etc
What percent of the population is homosexual
Less than 5%
Primary difference between Kinsey and Klein
Klein focuses more on multiple dimensions
helps people change sexual orientation and is not effective
What percent of Americans think same sex couples should be able to adopt?
During ovulation, a women's sexual desire
How long can ovum last?
How long can sperm live?
Less than 1% of sperm can live
up to a week
butt, feet of knees emerge first
What percent of births are breeched?
What percent of college students share responsibility?
If used correctly, how effective are male condoms?
Sexual dysfunction that always exists
Sexual desire disorders
more common for women after menopause
Can STI's be transmitted through oral sex?
Most common vaginal infection
Which is more common
anal cancer in men having sex with men
Can someone spread herpes without active lesions?
Can you get genital herpes from oral sex with someone who has it in their mouth?
Paraphilias are similar to
Most parahilias are
Someone with Turner syndrome would like a genetic female at birth
Where is the majority of a person's gaze directed during a typical conversation?
the eyes, nose, and mouth of the other person
What does the author of your textbook suggest is responsible for the level of body dissatisfaction in the United States?
What is a disadvantage of correlational research?
It provides no information about causation
What is true of Turner's syndrome?
it affects only females
What category/style of communication skills are referred to as more comforting and involve a significant amount of listening?
According to sociological theory, what is the first factor that influences our values about what is sexually right or wrong?
What question would someone be LEAST likely to ask earlier in a relationship?
how did you get along with your parents growing up?
In an experiment, what variable does the experimenter manipulate?
Which person is MOST likely to participate in a sexuality research study?
Joshua, who is sexually experienced and more liberal
If someone is trying to weigh his/her options to make a decision about whether to take a new job in a different city, he/she is likely to prefer talking with a friend who has this style of communication
According to Tannen, women tend to use rapport talk while men use report talk
Research demonstrates that in the typical elementary school classroom in the US
boys get both more praise and more criticism than girls
What is important about the Stonewall Riot of 1969?
the gay community resisted police brutality during a raid at a New York bar
Foot binding originated out of men's desire for women with small feminine feet
If a woman has pain and swelling in the labial and vaginal areas due to an infected cyst, we could infer that the infection most likely came from
the bartholin's glands
During the Middle ages, who would a man enlist before marriage to help teach him the secrets of love and the ways of restoring potency?
A woman who wants to reduce the severity of menstrual cramping without medication might find all of the following helpful EXCEPT
moderate alcohol use
What statement best fits with queer theory?
sexual orientation categories lead to limited views of sexuality
The main limitation of a correlational study is that if doesn't provide any information about cause
What is a specific risk factor that can contribute to PMDD?
all of these:
history of major depression, sexual abuse, cigarette smoking
Which of the following best describes the present-day field of sexuality research?
still in its early stages
Which theorists would recommend treating sexual disorders by rewarding desired behaviors?
What best describes the process through which the vagina is lubricated during sexual arousal?
sweating of the vaginal walls
When we want to project an image with our message, which of the three goals of communication are we focusing on?
Temple prostitutes were women who would have sex with worshippers to provide money for the temple
What is a characteristic of individualistic cultures?
individuals feel more comfortable disclosing personal information to a variety of people
What is the process called in which an infant is taught the basic skills for functioning in society?
According to David Gilmore's research related to the evolutionary purpose of masculine and feminine socialization, which statement would be most accurate in societies with plenty of food and the absence of enemies and predators?
differences between men and women would not be emphasized
Female orgasmic ability varies greatly from culture to culture
Negative emotional facial expressions are more similar across cultures than positive emotional facial expressions
The clitoris is the only human organ whose sole function is to bring sexual pleasure
What layer of the uterus is partially shed during menstruation?
Androgens are important for sexual development, specifically in males
Sociological theorists analyze gender roles as the most significant way that an individual's sexuality identity is formed
During a menstrual cycle, what is the purpose of the uterine lining buildup?
to prepare for a pregnancy
What best describes the three goals of communication discussed in your chapter?
the three goals compete with each other
In cultures that practice female circumcision, the procedure typically occurs at birth
According to the Onion Theory of communication, people have the tendency to reveal information about themselves from the inside out
Which of the following best fits the findings of cross-cultural studies?
female orgasmic ability differs significantly from culture to culture
Which of the following is NOT a part of the vulva?
Sandra Bem would define an androgynous individual as one who is
high in masculinity, high in femininity
What layer of the uterus contracts to expel menstrual fluid and push the fetus out of the womb during labor?
Most hormonal secretions are regulated by the brain
Children see that on Saturdays their mom spends the day inside cleaning and doing the laundry while their dad does outside work such as mowing the yard and changing the oil. What theory suggests that children learn gender roles through this type of modeling?
Which of the following is a function of the cervix?
all of these:
allow menstrual fluid out of the uterus, allow sperm to enter the uterus, allow babies to pass out of the uterus
A women has just become pregnant. Which hormone below has contributed most directly to her pregnancy?
Latoya says, "I might be wrong, but I think it is going to rain today." What is this an example of?
Which type of culture is more likely to express thoughts, feelings, and ideas as directly as possible?
a "low context" culture
Research shows that parents allow boys more flexibility in toy choices than girls
All of the following are true about teens and contraceptive use EXCEPT
teens in long term relationships are less likely to use contraception methods
What does Ainsworth's research suggest is highly correlated to the type of intimate relationship that you form in your adulthood?
the type of attachment you formed as a child
Luke has been asking his mom and dad questions such as "where was I before I was born" and "how does my mommy get a baby?" How old do you think Luke is?
6 to 8
Who is more likely to initiate a divorce?
Which statement describes common feelings of teens about timing of puberty?
maturing early of late can be difficult for both boys and girls
Thao thinks Nick may like him because they have made prolonged eye contact several times during class. Thao finds himself grabbing an extra soda for Nick, offering him help on his homework and spending time hanging out after class with him. As he think about this, he realizes he is falling for Nick. What theory does this best exemplify?
Young boys are often told to call their penis a "wiener." What are young girls often told to call their clitoris?
none of these
In 2010, the US Food and Drug Association approved the first vaccine for
When choosing someone to date, a person's race has been found to be more important than his or her religion
During adolescence, the risks for depression and suicide are about equal for heterosexual and homosexual youth
What are two of the most common surgical side effects of prostate cancer treatment?
erectile dysfunction and inability to hold one's urine
What best describes the ejaculatory pathway of sperm?
epididymis, vas deferens, ejaulatory duct, urethra
Alex, a 20 year old college student took some of his father's Viagra with hopes of enhancing his sexual performance with his partner. Alex experienced an abnormally prolonged and painful erection which required a trip to the ER. What condition did Alex have?
What is a factor related to why older men are more likely than older women to remarry after the death of a spouse?
men tend to marry younger women
Riley has been asking questions such as "why do some girls have larger breasts than others" and "do boys have a period too?" How old is Riley likely to be?
9 to 12
What are the two main functions of the testicles?
sperm and testosterone production
What of the following couples are most likely to divorce?
a mixed-race couple
All of the following are ways that heterosexual and homosexual couples become parents EXCEPT
If you want to cohabitate with your couple and be given similar rights as married couples, you would then want to live in
About what percent of American students in grades 9-12 have engaged in sexual intercourse?
The root of the penis sits just below the surface of the skin and attaches to the scrotum
What have love researchers determined about the role of one's mother and father in the development of healthy, intimate relationships?
people who did not experience intimacy growing up can experience it as adults
Children's earliest friendship tend to be activity-based, whereas in early adolescence friendships are more based on
There is a strong correlation between a person's childhood attachment style and how he/she relates to future intimate relationships
Same-sex experimentation in preadolescents is
What is the primary function of the Cowper's glands?
produce fluid to clean and lubricate the urethra
More men than women report "hooking up" behavior on college campuses
What is one of the most reliable predictors of whom a person will date?
What did Robert Sternberg's research propose?
love is made up of three different elements combined in different ways
All of the following statements are TRUE regarding testicular self-examinations EXCEPT
the majority of US men surveyed reported doing monthly self-exams
Who is more likely to report the highest level of marital happiness?
Joe, a white male
According to the Defense of Marriage Act, what defines a "spouse"?
a person of the other sex
Since the earlier Kinsey studies, how have rates of oral sex among teenagers changed?
rates of oral sex have increased according to results of the National Survey of Sexual Health and Behavior
Ty was at football practice and experienced acute scrotal pain, swelling, abdominal pain, and vomiting. In order to provide the best treatment, his condition needed to be diagnosed very quickly. What was the most likely diagnosis?
The realization that one's gender does not typically change over the life span is called
"I would do almost anything for her" is an example from which part of Rubin's Love Scale?
All of the following are true EXCEPT
girls most often learn about masturbation from other girls
Erik says, "love is a shopping list. You go through life trying to find a partner who has all of the items on your list." According to Lee what is Erik's love style?
What is one of the reasons given in your text for why current research on cohabitating couples may be skewed?
we lack adequate relationship labels to define different "forms" of living together
Most married adults report that over time their marital satisfaction and happiness gradually decline
According to your text, what can the strong history of protection of heterosexual marriage in the United States be tied to?
What percent of heterosexual couples in the US live together before marriage?
Which statement is descriptive of the the matching hypothesis?
people are drawn to other with traits and levels of attractiveness similar to themselves
By what age is a child's attachment style typically established?
What is a common criticism of many of the studies related to childhood sexuality?
most are retrospective in nature and rely on other adults to remember what they did when they were yound
What is one reason girls may experience first sexual contact earlier than boys?
it is common for young heterosexual girls to date older boys
What structure in the male reproductive system adds an alkaline fluid to semen which helps in neutralizing vaginal acidity?
The American term for "dating" seems to be a universal concept used cross-culturally
Which group of teens was found to have lower GPA's, care less about school and experience more school problems?
teens engaging in casual sex
Joe and Sharon have been married for 25 years, which of the last 5 they have chosen to no longer engage in sexual behaviors. What kind of marriage is this?
In cultures in which female sexual desire is not highly valued, what would be the most common treatment approach to hypoactive sexual desire disorder?
hypoactive sexual desire likely would not be viewed as a sexual problem needing treatment
There are medical procedures available that can be used for sex selection
Data from 2009 showed that while the overall number of US births declines, increases were found among what age group?
If you wanted to find a religious denomination that is the most accepting of homosexuality, you would most likely become a member of which congregation?
United Church of Christ
What is the largest and best-known magazine dedicated to gay and lesbian issues?
Reports of same-sex behavior among males have been increasing at a higher rate than reports of same-sex behavior among females
Which of the following is true related to surgical treatment options and erectile disorders?
there are two main types of implants, including semi rigid rods that provide a permanent state of erection and inflatable devices that become firm when pumped
What happens during the final stage of labor?
Research on men's and women's fantasies show that gender differences are decreasing related to sexual fantasies
What is the leading cause of maternal mortality in the first trimester?
How does the amount of hormone released through the NuvaRing compare to other hormonal contraceptive methods?
the nuvaring releases lower levels of hormones compared to other hormonal methods
What symptoms are associated with sexual interest/arousal disorders?
all of these:
absent or reduced sexual thoughts or fantasies, reduced genital sensations during sexual activity, absent or reduced pleasure during sexual activity
If the doctor uses a test that indicates if a man is having nighttime erections, what is he likely checking for?
if the condition is more likely to have a physiological cause vs. a psychological basis
Why do some researchers, such as Beverly Whipple, criticize the Kaplan model as being based on a male model of sexual function?
women can experience arousal and orgasm without desire as well as desire and satisfaction without orgasm
Brad is able to maintain an erection and ejaculate during masturbation. Before his breakup with his previous partner, he was also able to maintain an erection and ejaculate during sex. He now has a new partner and has not been able to maintain an erection during sex. What is a more likely cause for his problem?
he may be experiencing performance fears with his new partner or comparing their encounters to his previous partner
What is the leading cause of breakage in male condoms?
using condoms after the expiration date
In the Sambian culture, males practice sequential homosexuality primarily through what sexual activity?
through oral sex
How does female sterilization work to prevent pregnancies?
the fallopian tubes are blocked so that ovum and sperm cannot meet
How much does the average full-term baby weigh at birth?
seven and a half lbs
Who would be LEAST likely to perform oral sex on a male?
Lydia, a black heterosexual female
Which of the following is true about sexual behavior in the later years?
decreases in sexual functioning are exacerbated by sexual inactivity
What is the Harvey Milk School?
the first public school for lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and questioning youth
After prosthesis implantation, a man is still able to orgasm, ejaculate, and impregnate
The author of your text suggests consulting the organization ASSECT if you need
information on certified sex therapists
Danielle experiences involuntary contractions of the muscle that surrounds the entrance to the vagina. This happens when her partner is trying to penetrate her with his penis or using his fingers for stimulation, when she masturbates or uses a tampon, and during pelvic exams at the doctor's office. What is a likely diagnosis for Danielle?
The conceptualization of homosexuality is consistent across cultures?
What are the stages of Masters and Johnson's sexual response cycle in order?
excitement, plateau, orgasm, resolution
What does tenting refer to?
expansion of the vaginal walls
Douching immediately after having vaginal intercourse while not a fail-safe method, has been found to reduce the risk of pregnancy
How did Kinsey conceptualize sexual orientation?
best understood as a continuum of behavior
Which of the following is NOT a hormonal method of birth control?
Women are most likely to feel the best during the second trimester of pregnancy
As of 2011, Facebook relationship status options included "in a civil union" and "in a domestic partnership"
Provisions such as gestational limits, public funding restrictions, waiting periods and parental notification laws have greatly reduced the number of women seeking abortions
Compared to the other models of sexual response, David Reed's model is more based on
Who would be more likely to hold a NEGATIVE view of homosexuals?
Doug, a 40 year old college graduate who is not married, is Catholic, and holds very traditional attitudes about gender roles
According to your text, homophobia is
strongly negative attitudes toward homosexuals and homosexuality
How did many scientists during the 1930s and 1940s try to explain homosexuality?
by exploring physical differences between male and female gay and straight people
What is contemporaneous bisexuality?
having sexual partners of both sexes during the same time period
What describes the male sterilization procedure?
it involves lower rates of complications than female sterilization
If one's partner is free of sexually transmitted infections, it is safe to swallow the male ejaculate
Emergency contraception works by causing a fertilized egg to dissolve back into the body
According to Storm's developmental theory, there are more gay men than lesbians because the male sex drive emerges earlier than females
When someone want to "come out" who are they most likely to disclose their sexual orientation to first?
What is the name of the device placed just under the skin in the arm that uses time-released hormones to prevent pregnancy for up to 3 years?
Approximately how many women experience postpartum depression?
1 in 8
When a couple is experiencing fertility problems, most often the problems can be traced back to
problems associated with just one of the partners
What is special about the adrenal glands of the baby during birth?
they are abnormally large, allowing for increased heart rate during birthing process
If a woman is experiencing sex flush, vasocongestion, and transudation, what stage of the sexual response cycle is she most likely in
The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends exclusive breast-feeding for 6 months and continued breast-feeding for a minimum of one year
What is a way that sexual variations are measured and assessed?
all of these:
talking directly with the person, behavioral observation, physiological testing
According to studies, a male prisoner's chance of being sexually threatened in prison is
less than 20%
Current laws require the use of condoms during filming of pornographic films
What is the name for compounds that are applied to the vagina or rectum to protect against STI's and work by providing a physical barrier to keep STI's from reaching certain cells?
The HPV vaccine is best when given one year after the onset of sexual activity
What is the name for the types of illnesses that cause further deterioration of a person with HIV/AIDS?
What happened when the first identified cases of HIV were gay men and intravenous drug users?
as many as 1 out of 5 people believed that people infected with HIV got what they deserved
Which STIs are monitored by federal mandatory reporting laws?
syphilis, gonorrhea, chlamydia, and HIV
The primary aim of any therapy for paraphilias should be to change behavior
What is the average age for a child's first exposure to online pornography?
11 years old
According to your text, what was an important influence on the early development of pornography?
invention of the printing press
Studies find that 70% of shows on TV include some sexual content and shows an average of how many sexual episodes per hour?
Most bacterial infections can be treated with antibiotics
A "typical" female prostitute is
under 25, single, and prostitutes full-time
Severe genital itching caused by parasites is a common symptom of which STI?
In recent years, what is the approximate percentage of those arrested for possession of child pornography with images of children less than three years old?
According to your text, what are suggested strategies to avoid being raped during an attack?
first try to escape, and they try verbal strategies
All of the following are common related to sex workers and their sex lives EXCEPT
in master's and johnson's research, they found that sex workers were good subjects due to their high levels of sexual activity
What theory might consider the foundation of an adult's fascination with sadomasochism the experience of having an erection while receiving a spanking as a child?
The majority of sexual violence in female prisons in the US is perpetrated by
Related to cross cultural views of rape, what is a reason rape is committed in other cultures?
all of these:
as an initiation rite, as a way to prove manhood, as punishment for infidelity
Victims who take time to privately work through the emotional outcomes of their attack before telling anyone about the attack tend to have shorter recovery periods
An adult has just been found guilty of incest. What can we safely assume?
none of these can be assumed
Wade becomes sexually aroused by being humiliated, beaten, and tied up. What term would define his sexual preferences?
Of the following, who would NOT be classified as a pedophile?
all of these would actually be classified as pedophiles:
someone who derives sexual gratification from looking at naked children, engaging in sexual intercourse with children, and exhibitionism in front of children
What is true about the current rates of gonorrhea?
rates were decreasing, leveled off for about 10 years and have since been decreasing
What is viral load testing used for in people who are HIV positive?
it is measuring the severity of the viral infection by estimating the amount of virus in bodily fluid
"You're looking really good today?" says person A to person B. In what context would this comment be most likely considered sexual harassment?
if a male or female co-worker says it to another co-worker after the person had mentioned it makes them feel embarrassed to receive compliments
What is the term for a person who experiences sexual arousal from the physical or psychological suffering of another person?
What impact did the "student right to know and campus security act" have on college campuses?
it required campuses to make information about sexual crimes public
What is a common way that teens are lured into sex work business through a pimp?
they are lured by acts of kindness and material gifts with no initial demand for sex until the relationship has progressed at which point sex becomes involved
What is a common characteristic found among many female sex workers?
all of these:
economically deprived upbringing, became sexually active at an early age, history of sexual abuse
Someone who is HIV-positive might initially experience flu-like symptoms, followed by a period time with no obvious symptoms. Only when later, more severe symptoms develop does the seriousness of the disease become apparent. What other STI is this similar to?
What is suggested in your text as one of the most useful things people who are sexually active can do to prevent STIs?
People with fetishes are typically more open about their sexuality than people without a fetish
What is a common finding related to compulsive online sex?
the person becomes densenitized to pornography
Rates of sexually transmitted infections are higher in bisexual women than lesbians
The majority of people who become infected with genital herpes are infected by someone who
doesn't even know they have it
Research finds that people who have psychological or substance abuse problems possess characteristics that predispose them to become rapists
A rape victim recently moved from one apartment to another and got a new job in an attempt to gain some control over her life. What stage of the rape trauma syndrome response is she likely in?
What theory emphasizes the importance of movies, TV, and other media in the development of paraphilias?
What is a common outcome of childhood sexual abuse?
all of these:
compulsive sex play or masturbation by the child, promiscuous or compulsive sexual behavior as an adolescent, higher likelihood or revictimization as an adult
Although done in artificial research settings, what did research findings reveal related to the influence of men's attitudes after viewing violent pornography?
all of these:
it decreases sensitivity toward rape victims, it increases the desire to see more of it, it reinforces the belief that some women like to be raped
What is considered an important contribution of the pornography industry to online buying?
real-time credit card processing
What is the main mode of HIV transmission in sub-saharan africa?
Television executives claim that boys will not watch cartoons with a female lead, but girls will watch cartoons with a male lead
How many stages does syphilis progress through?
Most exhibitionists engage in voyeuristic habits before beginning exhibitionist behavior
All people who sexually abuse children are also considered pedophiles
What distinguishes a person who engages in group sex occasionally and a person who is classified with the paraphilia, troilism?
for a troilist, group sex is the primary means of sexual arousal
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