The Agony of Reconstruction (1863-1877)
- Los Angeles Pierce College
- History 12
- The Agony of Reconstruction (1863-1877)
Last Modified: 2014-07-25
- Debate led to a major political crisis.
- Only source of protection for freed slaves was to "prohibit" slavery.
- Most serious clash between president Lincoln and Congress in the nation's history.
- Favored protection for black rights (especially black male suffrage) as a precondition for readmitting southern states.
- strongly antislavery
- passed by radical republicans in Congress that were angry at Lincoln's lenient 10 percent reconstruction plan,
- July 1864,
- constitutional conventions after a majority of voters swore the oath (51% or more) and new state govt repudiate the confederate war debt.
- This bill was vetoed by President Lincoln
- The Wade Davis Bill did not require black suffrage, but it gave federal courts the power to enforce emancipation.
- Faced with this attempt to nullify his own program, Lincoln exercised a pocket veto by refusing to sign the bill before Congress adjourned.
- He said that he did want to be committed to any single Reconstruction Plan.
- The Bill's sponsors responded angrily, and Lincoln's relations with Congress reached their low point.
Attempt to control blacks and labor.
High fines and vagrancy.
Strict curfew for blacks.
Strict taxes and a high rate.
Presidential reconstruction too lenient on Southern traitors
a) The states had to draft new constitutions be to readmitted into the Union. There was also an act that limited Johnson’s power known as the Tenure of Office Act
b) Republicans and Radicals joined together to impeach Johnson and charged him with eleven counts of high crimes and misdemeanors
- 4-14-1865 John Wilks Booth shot Abraham Lincoln
- Booth was a famous actor who was in favor of slavery
- Andrew Johnson becomes President
- Founded in Tennessee in 1866
- Between 1868-1872 kkk and other secret societies bent on restoring white supremacy by intimidating blacks who sought to exercise their political rights were the main threat to Republican regimes.
- To withdraw federal soldiers from their remaining positions in the South
- To enact federal legislation that would spur industrialization in the South
- To appoint Democrats to patronage positions in the South
- To appoint a Democrat to the president’s cabinet.
How: The elections of 1876 confirmed the triumph of white southerners.
Significance: Generations of American boys and girls lived by this and race relations became more hostile.
Words From Our Students
"StudyBlue is great for studying. I love the study guides, flashcards, and quizzes. So extremely helpful for all of my classes!"
Alice, Arizona State University
"I'm a student using StudyBlue, and I can 100% say that it helps me so much. Study materials for almost every subject in school are available in StudyBlue. It is so helpful for my education!"
Tim, University of Florida
"StudyBlue provides way more features than other studying apps, and thus allows me to learn very quickly! I actually feel much more comfortable taking my exams after I study with this app. It's amazing!"
Jennifer, Rutgers University
"I love flashcards but carrying around physical flashcards is cumbersome and simply outdated. StudyBlue is exactly what I was looking for!"