The Courts and Adjudication 10.19
Last Modified: 2016-03-08
Inquisitorial System: Judge takes a very active role in obtaining evidence
2)Federal Courts: Violation of laws of National Government, Violation of US penal code
3)US Supreme Court: Ranks above all other courts--"court of last resort" (90% of cases proposed to the SC are rejected)
Geography: geographic boundaries (counties,city, ect.)
Subject matter: pertains to a specific type of case(domestic relations..family courts or juvenile courts)
Hierarchy, powers of courts -- limited general or appellate
:Preliminary hearings & bail decisions on all criminal cases. *Do NOT try felonies
91% of cases go through system
Sometimes proceedings informal
Mostly serious offenses (felonies)
Appeals from lower courts heard here.
All judges & lawyers are members of the bar
Courts of record: entire transcript of proceedings are made for all cases
Felony cases get transferred here at arraignment
IAC: helps alleviate the burden of supreme court of the state
AC of last resort: Can choose which cases be heard, unfavorable decision on lower court, does not mean this court will hear the case.
Writ of certiorari: order lower courts to forward up records
*Must hear all cases regarding unconstitutional acts of congress, state statute unconstitutional, invalid federal law
Decisions - affirm or reverse previous decisions.
Hear / decide on motions made
Final decisions makers in plea bargaining
Fair implementation of rules/procedures of law (substance procedural)
Referee in an adversial system Impt sufficency of evidence, admissbililty of evidence can reverse jury decisions
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