The Evolution Of Law Enforcement And Criminal Justice
is a body of rules for human conduct
AND is enforced by imposing penalties for their violation.
They are made by the Legislative branches and are based on customs, traditions, mores and current need
Primitive and Ancient Law
rulers made and enforced the laws
tribes chief had executive, legislative and judicial power and often appointed and served as bodyguard
Crimes committed against individuals were handled by victim or victims family
Consequences for crime included flaying, impalement, burning at the stake, branding, stoning, crucifixion, etc
What was the earliest record of ancient people's need to standardize rules and methods of enforcement?
approx. 2300 BC, when the Sumerian rulers Lipitshar and Eshumma set standards on what constituted an offense against society.
Ahundred years later, the Babylonian King Hammurabi established rules for his kingdom
Origin of Law
-Code of Hammurabi
China, East Asia
-First to have patrolmen
Babylon and the code of Hammurabi
The main principle of the Code of Hammurabi was that "the strong shall not injure the weak". Thus originating the legal principle of Lex Talionis- an eye for an eye
The first development of court systems came from Egypt approx 1500 BC
The court system was presided over by judges appointed by the pharaoh.
About 1000 BC public officers performed police functions. Their weapon and symbol of authority was a staff topped by a metal knob engraved with the kings name. The baton carried now may have origin from this