Born 1783, he wrote about American history though satire. He warned Americans to learn from the past. He wrote The Sketch Book of Geoffrey Crayon, "The Legend of the Sleepy Hollow," "The Wife," and "Rip Van Winkle" He combined European influences with American settings and characters. His work served as a bridge between European traditions and a new type of American writer.
James Fenimore Cooper
Known for The Last of the Mohicans and the Leatherstocking series, which reveals the underbelly of American nationalism, involved in the Bread and Cheese Club
William Cullen Bryant
Associated with the Fireside Poets, most poems contain some moral lesson or truth, known for "Thanatopsis" and "To a Waterfowl"
Ralph Waldo Emerson
Associated with the Transcendentalist Movement, known for Nature, "Self-Reliance," and "The American Scholar"
Associated with the Transcendantal Club, taught at Bronson Alcott's Temple School, and wrote Woman in the Nineteenth Century
Wrote The Scarlet Letter, questioned transcendentalism and used allegory and symbol