the building in which a show takes place, the art form (opera, ballet, play) “theatre encompasses the history, practices, and institutions of the art form.
having to do with any activity, political, economic, artistic, or cultural, in which nations and people around the world relate and interact.
: cannot have performing arts with someone to see it, most important is the critic
represents the highest level of commercial theatre · resident theatre: non-profit theatre companies, do not have commercial appeal of Broadway · community theatre:
: “to find fault” “to understand and appraise” criteria: what was the playwright attempting to do? How well was it done? Was it worth doing?
criticism that attempts to describe as clearly and accurately as possible what is happening in the performance
criticism that offers advice and sometimes suggests rules for what should be done in theatre
the intellectual identification with or vicarious experiencing of the feelings, thoughts, or attitudes of another
element of theatre
wrote The Poetics, described 6 elements of drama; plot, character, thought or theme, language, music, and spectacle. He says tragedy deals with the reversals in fortune and eventual downfall of a royal figure.
: also referred to as intensive structure. Dramatic structure is in which there are few scenes, a short time passes, there are few locals, and the actions begins chronologically close to the climax
often defined as the high point in the action of the final and most significant crisis in the action
also referred to as extensive structure. Dramatic structure in which there are many scenes, taking place over a considerable period of time in a number of locations. Many episodic plays also use such devices as subplots
secondary plot that reinforces or runs parallel to the mahor plat in an episodic play
principal character in a plat, the one whom the drama is aboue
opponent of the protagonists in the drama
category or type of play
dramatic form involving serious actions of universal significance and with important moral and philosophical implications, usually with an unhappy ending
: in general, a play that is light in tine, in concerned with issues that are not serious, has a happy ending, and is designed to amuse
comedy of manners:
: form of comedic drama that became popular in the 17th century France and the English Restoration, emphasizing a cultivated or sophisticated atmosphere and witty dialogue
idea or concept in a comedy that turn the accepted notion of things upside down
: during the Renaissance, a play having tragic themes and noble characters but a happy ending; today, a play in which serious and comic elements are integrated
Waiting for Guffman
: s a musical mockumentary starring, co-written and directed by Christopher Guest that was released in 1997. Many of its cast appeared in several of the subsequent mockumentaries directed by Guest. The title of the film is a reference to the Samuel Beckett play, Waiting for Godot — just like the play, the titular character never appears in the movie. As in the other mockumentaries created by Guest, the majority of the dialogue is improvised.
broadly, an attempt to present onstage people and events coreesponding to thse in everyday life
: in American usage, the person responsible for the overall unity of a production and or coordinating the work of contributing artists. The American director is the equivalent of the British producer and the French matter-en-scene
visual composition; how the entire scene onstage will appear to the audience
: assigning roles to perform in a production; this is usually done by the director
is a preparatory event in music and theatre (and in other contexts) that is performed before the official public performance, as a form of practice, and to ensure that all details of the performance are adequately prepared and coordinated for professional presentation.
pattern and arrangement of performers movements onstage and respect to each other and to the stage space, usually set by the director
person who coordinates all the rehearslas for the director and runs the actual show during the performance
in American usage, the person responsible for the business side of a production including raising the necessary funds. In British usage, the equivilent
arch or frame surrounding the stage opening in a box or picture setting
: theatre space in which the audience sits on three sides of the stage
: a theatre space that is open, flexible, and adaptable, usually without fixed seating or a permanent stage area, it is economical and perticuarly well suited to experimental work
properties, objects that are used by performers onstage or are necessary to complete the act
the person responsible for the appearance of each performer onstage
: any prearranged signal, such as the last words in a speech, a price of business, or any action or lighting change, that indicates to a performer or stage manager that it is time to proceed to the next line of action
Romeo and Juliet
tale of starcrossed lovers, Shakespeare
: the most important Greek festival in honor of the god Dionysus, and the first to include drama
: father of tragedy, the first of the three ancient Greek tragedians whose work has survived,
play written by Sophocles, in the Antigone contempt of death enables a weak maiden to conquer a powerful ruler, who, proud of his wisdom, ventures in his unbounded insolence to pit his royal word against divine law and human sentiment, and learns all too late, by the destruction of his house, that Fate in due course brings fit punishment on outrage
was a prolific and much acclaimed comic playwright of ancient Athens. Eleven of his forty plays survive virtually complete. These, together with fragments of some of his other plays, provide the only real examples of a genre of comic drama known as Old Comedy, and they are in fact used to define the genre
: Greek dramatist, the best-known representative of Athenian New Comedy, was the son of well-to-do parents; his father Diopeithes is identified by some with the Athens general and governor of the Thracian Chersonese known from the speech of Demosthenes De Chersoneso. He presumably derived his taste for comic drama from his uncle Alexis
: Titus Maccius Plautus (c. 254–184 BC), commonly known as "Plautus", was a Roman playwright of the Old Latin period. His comedies are the earliest surviving intact works in Latin literature. He wrote Palliata comoedia, the genre devised by the innovator of Latin literature, Livius Andronicus. The word Plautine (pronounced /ˈplɔːtaɪn/) is used to refer to Plautus's works or works similar to or influenced by his.
was a playwright of the Roman Republic, of Berber descent. His comedies were performed for the first time around 170–160 BC, and he died young, probably in Greece or on his way back to Rome. Terentius Lucanus, a Roman senator, brought Terence to Rome as a slave, educated him and later on, impressed by his abilities, freed him. All of the six plays Terence wrote have survived.
was a Roman Stoic philosopher, statesman, dramatist, and in one work humorist, of the Silver Age of Latin literature. He was tutor and later advisor to emperor Nero. He was later forced to commit suicide for complicity in the Pisonian conspiracy to assassinate this last of the Julio-Claudian emperors; however, he may have been innocent
The Dark Ages
term referring to the perceived period of both cultural and economic deterioration as well as disruption that took place in Western Europe following the decline of the Roman Empire.
The Middle Ages
was a period of European history from the 5th century to the 15th century. The period followed the fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476, and preceded the Early Modern Era. It is the middle period in a three-period division of history: Classic, Medieval, and Modern. The term "Middle Ages" (medium aevum) was coined in the 15th century and reflects the view that this period was a deviation from the path of classical learning, a path supposedly reconnected by Renaissance scholarship.
The Wakefield Cycle
series of thirty-two mystery plays based on the Bible most likely performed around Corpus Christi day in (again, most likely) the town of Wakefield, England during the late Middle Ages until 1576. It is one of only four surviving English mystery play cycles.
: also called cycle plays. Short dramas of the Middle ages based on events of the old and new testament often organized into historical cycles
is an ancient Indian treatise on the performing arts, encompassing theatre, dance and music. It was written during the period between 200 BC and 200 AD in classical India and is traditionally attributed to the Sage Bharata
rigidly traditional form of Japanese drama combining music, dance, and lyrics
form of popular Japanese theatre combining music, dance, and dramatic scenes
: Japanese puppet theatre
: the closest translation being "comedy of art", is a form of theatre that began in Italy in the year 1560, characterized by masked "types", the advent of the actress and improvised performances based on sketches or scenarios.
rules developed by critics during the Italian Renaissance, supposedly based on the writings of Aristotle
: of the monarchy began in 1660 when the English, Scottish and Irish monarchies were all restored under Charles II after the Interregnum that followed the Wars of the Three Kingdoms. The term Restoration may apply both to the actual event by which the monarchy was restored, and to the period immediately following the event.
Comedy of Manners
: form of comic drama that became popular in the seventeenth century France and the English Restoration, emphasizing a cultivated or sophisticated atmosphere and witty dialogue
is the era in Western philosophy, intellectual, scientific and cultural life, centered upon the 18th century, in which reason was advocated as the primary source for legitimacy and authority.
movement in the 19th century that sought to free the artist from rules and considered unfettered inspiration the source of all creativity
dramatic form, made popular in the nineteenth century, which emphasized action and spectacular effects and also used music; it had stock characters and clearly defined villains and heros
Shakespeare in Love
: A young Shakespeare, out of ideas and short of cash, meets his ideal woman and is inspired to write one of his most famous plays
special form of realism developed in Europe in the late nineteenth century ; it was not carefully plotted or constructed but was meant to represent a ‘slice of life’
movement in the later 19th century and early 20th century that sought to express inner truths taher than represent life realistically
movement in germany at about the time of WWI, characterized by an attempt to dramatize subjective states through distortion; striking often grotesque images; and lyric, unrealistic dialogue
: was a German poet, playwright, and theatre director. An influential theatre practitioner of the 20th century, Brecht made equally significant contributions to dramaturgy and theatrical production, the latter particularly through the seismic impact of the tours undertaken by the Berliner Ensemble—the post-war theatre company operated by Brecht and his wife and long-time collaborator, the actress Helene Weigel—with its internationally acclaimed productions.
departure form realism that attempted to present dramatically the working of the subconcious
: was a French playwright, poet, actor and theatre director. Antonin is a diminutive form of Antoine "little Anthony", and was among a list of names which Artaud used throughout his writing career
is a form of humour, stylistically related to the artistic ambitions of the surrealists, based on bizarre juxtapositions, absurd situations and nonsense. Common elements of surreal humour include the non-sequitur, in which one statement is followed by another with no logical progression and the placing of otherwise logical constructs in different contexts where they become ludicrous and bizarre.
modernist, was an Irish avant-garde writer, dramatist and poet, writing in English and French. Beckett's work offers a bleak outlook on human culture and both formally and philosophically became increasingly minimalist in his later career.
was an American playwright and essayist. He was a prominent figure in American theatre, writing dramas that include plays such as All My Sons, Death of a Salesman, and The Crucible.
is an umbrella term for a defined set of plays, musicals or revues performed in New York City but outside the definition of Broadway theatre
Broadway musical set in prohibition era Chicago, satire on corruption in the administration of criminal justice, based on 1926 play written by a reporter, 1996 Broadway revival is the longest running
is a musical in two acts. chronicles the lives of those living and working on the Cotton Blossom, a Mississippi River show boat, from 1880 to 1927. The show's dominant themes include racial prejudice and tragic, enduring love, first to use african american actors · Oklahoma! : musical first opened on broadway, Rodgers and Hammerstein producers, not filmed on location because of oil wells
: musical first opened on broadway, Rodgers and Hammerstein producers, not filmed on location because of oil wells
an American composer and lyricist for stage and film, most famous scores include (as composer/lyricist) A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum, Company, Follies, A Little Night Music, Sweeney Todd, Sunday in the Park with George, Into the Woods, and Assassins, as well as the lyrics for West Side Story and Gypsy
: is an American playwright and university professor. She received the 1998 Pulitzer Prize for Drama for her play, How I Learned to Drive
The Boys in the Band
s a 1970 American drama film directed by William Friedkin. The screenplay by Mart Crowley is based on his off-Broadway play of the same title. It is among the first major American motion pictures to revolve around gay characters and is often cited as a milestone in the history of "queer cinema
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