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The coherence of individual doctrines with the whole of Revelation. In other words, as each doctrine is connected with Revelation, each doctrine is also connected with all other doctrines.
A word that means “books,” a collection of sacred books containing the truth of God’s Revelation.
The doctrine that the books of the Scriptures are free from error regarding the truth God wishes to reveal through the Scriptures for the sake of our salvation.
The collection of books the Church recognizes as the inspired Word of God.
A group of pious, ultraconservative Jews who left the Temple of Jerusalem and began a community by the Dead Sea, known as Qumran.
To select and adapt written material to serve an author’s purpose.
A Hebrew word meaning “law,” referring to the first five books of the Old Testament.
Acknowledgment among Christians that a book was useful for worship. This criterion helped the early bishops to conclude whether a book was divinely inspired. One of four criteria the bishops used to determine the canon.
Saint Jerome’s Latin translation of the Bible completed in the early fifth century AD.
Under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit, the synthesis in written form of the message of salvation that has been passed down in the oral tradition.
“to hand on.” Refers to the process of passing on the Gospel message.
A Jewish sect at the time of Jesus known for its strong commitment to the Temple in Jerusalem.
From the Latin desidero, “to long for what is absent or lost.”
God’s self-communication through which he makes known the mystery of his divine plan. Divine Revelation is a gift accomplished by the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit through the words and deeds of salvation history. It is most fully realized in the Passion, death, Resurrection, and Ascension of Jesus Christ.
God’s self-communication through which he makes known the mystery of his divine plan. A gift accomplished by the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit through the words and deeds of salvation history. It is most fully realized in the Passion, death, Resurrection, and Ascension of Jesus Christ.
A gathering of the Church’s bishops from around the world to address pressing issues in the Church. Ecumenical councils are usually convened by the Pope or are at least confirmed or recognized by him.
A gathering of the Church’s bishops from around the world to address pressing issues in the Church. Are usually convened by the Pope or are at least confirmed or recognized by him.
Fathers of the Church (Church Fathers):
During the early centuries of the Church, those teachers whose writings extended the Tradition of the Apostles and who continue to be important for the Church’s teachings.
From the Latin, meaning “to become flesh,” referring to the mystery of Jesus Christ, the divine Son of God, becoming man. In the Incarnation, Jesus Christ became truly man while remaining truly God.
From the Latin, meaning “to become flesh,” referring to the mystery of Jesus Christ, the divine Son of God, becoming man. Jesus Christ became truly man while remaining truly God.
The Church’s living teaching office, which consists of all bishops, in communion with the Pope.
The official, authoritative teaching voice of the Church.
Also known as the medieval period, the time between the collapse of the Roman Empire in the fifth century AD and the beginning of the Renaissance in the fourteenth century.
The process by which God makes himself known to human reason through the created world. Historical conditions and the consequences of Original Sin, however, often hinder our ability to fully know God’s truth through natural revelation alone.
The dogma declaring the Pope, by the power of the Holy Spirit, free from error when he solemnly declares a dogmatic teaching on faith and morals as being contained in Divine Revelation. Dogmas are teachings that are recognized as central to Church teaching, defined by the Magisterium (the teaching office), and accorded the fullest weight and authority.
From the Latin salvare, meaning “to save,” referring to the forgiveness of sins and assurance of permanent union with God, attained for us through the Paschal Mystery—Christ's work of redemption accomplished through his Passion, death, Resurrection, and Ascension. Only at the time of judgment can a person be certain of salvation, which is a gift of God.
From the Latin salvare, meaning “to save,” referring to the forgiveness of sins and assurance of permanent union with God, attained for us through the Paschal Mystery—Christ's work of redemption accomplished through his Passion, death, Resurrection, and Ascension. Only at the time of judgment can a person be certain of this, which is a gift of God.
The use of philosophical methods to better understand revealed truth. The goal of scholastic theology is to present the understanding of revealed truth in a logical and systematic form.
Vatican Council II:
The ecumenical or general council of the Roman Catholic Church that Pope John XXIII (1958–1963) convened in 1962 and that continued under Pope Paul VI (1963–1978) until 1965.
A call from God to all members of the Church to embrace a life of holiness. Specifically, it refers to a call to live the holy life as an ordained minister, as a vowed religious (sister or brother), in a Christian marriage, or in single life.
All official public prayer of the Church, including celebrations of the Eucharist and other Sacraments and the Liturgy of the Hours, the official daily prayers of the Church.
1799 - 1815
he restored order and kept many revoluionary changes
he was a great military leader
commanded the French forces
used coup d'état to take over
§ the body of five directors in power in France from 1795 until their overthrow by Napoleon in 1799
§ a form of government
commands army and navy
appoint/dismiss all officials
propose new laws
create new constitution though a procedure known as plebiscite
if they wanted to make France an empire
cathedral of Notre Dame
Louisiana territory - sells to the United States
Florida - invaded by the Spanish
Haiti - loses control of due to civil war
Spain (Horatio Nelson)
France (Napoleon Bonaparte)
Spain/Portugal vs. France
introduced modern military technique
§ Russia, Prussia, Great Britain, and Austria vs. Napoleon
§ Russia, Prussia, Great Britain, and Austria met Napoleon’s new troops near the German city of Leipzig.
§ This battle was a clear defeat for Napoleon. In March 1814, the allies entered Paris in triumph.
§ As one of the terms of surrender, Napoleon had to give up his throne.
Metternich from Austria
undo everything Napoleon had done.
reduce France to its old boundaries
restore as many monarchies as possible
balance of power
Russia was given Poland
Prussia was given half of Saxony, parts of Poland, and other German territories
Austria was given back lost territory
Battle of the Nile
Battle of Trafalgar
Battle of Waterloo
§ a political or social philosophy advocating the freedom of the individual, parliamentary systems of government, nonviolent modification of political, social, or economic institutions to assure unrestricted development in all spheres of human endeavor, and governmental guarantees of individual rights and civil liberties.
The uninterrupted passing on of apostolic preaching and authority from the Apostles directly to all bishops.
A short summary statement or profession of faith.
The heritage of faith contained in the Sacred Scriptures and Tradition.
Christ’s message of Revelation that was given to the Apostles, who in turn transmitted this message through Scripture and Tradition to the Church.
“beginning” or “birth (1) the sin of the first human beings, who disobeyed God’s command by choosing to follow their own will and thus lost their original holiness and became subject to death, (2) the fallen state of human nature that affects every person born into the world.
The sin by which the first humans disobeyed God and thereby lost their original holiness and became subject to death. is transmitted to every person born into the world, except Mary and Jesus.
The father or leader of a tribe, clan, or tradition. Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob
Any deliberate offense, in thought, word, or deed, against the will of God.
The truth that God, although one, is three Divine Persons: the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit.
The Old Testament Books of Proverbs, Job, Ecclesiastes, Sirach, and Wisdom.
In 587 BC, the Babylonians pillaged Judah, destroyed the Temple and the city of Jerusalem, and banished the people in chains to serve as slaves in Babylon. The Exile lasted until 539 BC.
A type of family tree. More than a bloodline, it was a literary form used as a proclamation to make connections with important ancestors.
The worship of false gods or the love of anything more than the one, true God.
The night the Lord passed over the houses of the Israelites marked by the blood of the lamb, and spared the firstborn sons from death. It also is the feast that celebrates the deliverance of the Chosen People from bondage in Egypt and the Exodus from Egypt to the Promised Land.
The Covenant established with the Israelites at Mount Sinai that renewed the Covenant with Abraham’s descendants. It establishes the Israelites as God’s Chosen People.
Someone who is not Jewish.
Hebrew word for “anointed one.” The equivalent Greek term is christos. Jesus is the Christ because he is the Anointed One.
Stories rooted in daily life that use symbolism or allegory as a teaching tool and that usually have a surprise ending.
Jewish government officials and scholars of the Law.
The Gospels of Mark, Matthew, and Luke are called this—a word meaning “seen together”—because they appear to have been written using similar sources.
The movement to restore unity among all Christian Churches and, ultimately, of all people throughout “the whole wide world” (the literal meaning of the word).
A Latin phrase that literally means “from the chair.”
This means that the Pope’s statements are true and without error when “he proclaims by a definitive act a doctrine pertaining to faith or morals”1 (CCC, 891).
Written by human beings with the guidance of the Holy Spirit to teach without error those truths necessary for our salvation.
The Church’s efforts to build relations with other world religions, such as Judaism and Islam.
Ordinary people who lived in the midst of difficulties, uncertainty, and suffering. Despite these circumstances, they made extraordinary choices to put their faith into action.
Makes holy; sanctification is the process of becoming closer to God and growing in holiness.
The teachings of Jesus during the Sermon on the Mount in which he describes the actions and attitudes that should characterize Christians and by which one can discover genuine meaning and happiness.
Literally the study of Christ; the systematic statement of Christian beliefs about Jesus Christ, including his identity, mission, and saving work on earth.
Also known as the economy of salvation, this refers to God’s eternal plan and his actions for the salvation of humanity.
A letter written by the Pope and sent to the whole Church and, at times, beyond the Church to the whole world; commonly focused on Church teaching regarding a particular issue or currently important matter.
The judgment of the human race by Jesus Christ at his second coming, as noted in the Nicene Creed. It is also called the Final Judgment.
The formal statement or profession of faith commonly recited during the Eucharist.
In the Scriptures the event in which the early followers of Jesus received the Holy Spirit. Today the Church celebrates this event on Pentecost Sunday, which occurs seven weeks after Easter Sunday.
Important holy days in the Catholic liturgical calendar, such as Christmas, Easter, Pentecost, and All Saints’ Day.
The act, required by Jewish law, of removing the foreskin of the penis. Since the time of Abraham, it has been a sign of God’s Covenant relationship with the Jewish people.
Prayers offered by the person leading an assembly in communal prayer.
Sharing in the divine life of God with the Trinity through our Baptism, the Eucharist, and other Sacraments of the Church.
Jesus perfects the law, reveals its ultimate meaning, and redeems any sins people had committed against it.
The union of Jesus Christ’s divine and human natures in one Divine Person.
celebrates the day on which Mary was conceived in the womb of her mother, Saint Ann, without Original Sin.
One who connects. Jesus serves as this between humanity and God.
Wrote Introduction to a Devout Life (shows how ordinary life can be sanctified)
Patron saint of writers, Catholic press, and the Diocese of Columbus
God gave him the gift of perfect chastity
Nicknamed the “Dumb Ox” – spoke seldom and was big
Wrote the Summa Theologica
Doctor of the Church
Patron of Catholic schools and students
St. Brigid of Kildare (c450-c525)
Founded the first convent in Ireland
Desired to help the poor and needy
Buried next to Sts. Patrick and Columba
St. Polycarp (d155)
Disciple of John the Apostle - and link for the Apostolic Age to post Apostolic Age
Defender of the faith
Bishop of Smyrna (Turkey)
At age 86 would not deny the Faith and was burned at the stake – but did not die; was stabbed to death with a dagger
St. Patrick (c.415-493)
Called himself both a Roman and a Briton
At 16, he was captured and was a slave for the Irish
At 22, he escaped and was later ordained a priest and consecrated bishop
Ordained many priests, divided Ireland into dioceses, founded several monasteries
Bishop of Jerusalem in 350
Fought against Arian heresy
Present at the council of Constantinople in 381
Doctor of the Church
Descendant of King David
Carpenter in Nazareth
Spouse of the Blessed Virgin Mary
Protector and patron of the Universal Church
Patron of workers, fathers
This Greek word refers to the kind of love that is spiritual and unselfish. It means to serve freely without reward; to suffer injury without seeking revenge; to act with respect, justice, caring, and compassion.
This refers to having consistency in thought and deed and living with the intention of doing God’s will.
A state of eternal life and union with God, in which one experiences full happiness and the satisfaction of the deepest human longings.
This does not mean putting ourselves down or thinking badly of ourselves; rather, it means seeing ourselves as we really are: beloved children of God who are in constant need of divine grace as we journey toward the ultimate perfection of God’s Reign.
A prayer form in which you ask God’s help for other people’s needs; also called intercession.
Showing humility and patience.
The second coming of Christ, when his Kingdom will be fully established and his triumph over evil will be complete.
To oppress or treat harshly or unfairly.
This refers to the meek and those without power or influence.
A state of final purification or cleansing, which one may need to enter following death and before entering Heaven.
Being virtuous and morally upright.
Also called the Fall from Grace, the biblical revelation about the origins of sin and evil in the world, expressed figuratively in the story of Adam and Eve in Genesis.
We are united “in holy things” and “among holy persons” (Catechism of the Catholic Church [CCC], 948). The “holy things” in which we are united are the Sacraments, especially the Eucharist, and other spiritual gifts. The “holy persons” with whom we are joined as one are all those members of Christ’s own Body, the great “cloud of witnesses” (Hebrews 12:1).
The gifts of bread and wine after they have become Christ’s Body and Blood.
The call to go beyond the minimum rules of life required by God (such as the Ten Commandments and the precepts of the Church) and strive for spiritual perfection through a life marked by a commitment to chastity, poverty, and obedience.
The gift of God’s loving presence with us, which empowers us to respond to God’s call and to live always as God’s children. Grace is never earned; although none of us truly deserves grace, God freely chooses to bless us with this gift.
All members of the Church with the exception of those who are ordained as bishops, priests, or deacons. They share in Christ’s role as priest, prophet, and king, witnessing to God’s love and power in the world.
A “supernatural unity . . . a single mystical person”1 (CCC,1474). This means that all members of the Church are truly and spiritually united as one Body in the divine life of the Blessed Trinity.
The reign or rule of God over the hearts of people and, as a consequence of that, the development of a new social order based on unconditional love. The fullness of God’s Reign will not be realized until the end of time. Also called the Kingdom of God.
An efficacious and visible sign of God’s invisible grace, instituted by Christ. The Seven Sacraments are Baptism, the Eucharist, Confirmation, Penance and Reconciliation, Anointing of the Sick, Matrimony, and Holy Orders.
Human attempts to answer the age-old question, If God is all powerful and all good, how is it possible that there is so much suffering in the world?
Promises made to God.
As a deacon participated in the Council of Nicaea (325) against Arius
Bishop of Alexandria (326)
Doctor of the Church – defended the Divinity of Christ
James was the first Bishop of Jerusalem who settled the Jewish conflict that Gentiles did not have to be circumcised to be a Christian
James wrote the NT Epistle which is an exhortation to practical Christian living
Philip preached the Gospel in Asia Minor
Our Lady of Fatima
Mary appeared in Portugal to 3 shepherd children
Total of 6 apperances (13th of each Month through October)
She asked them to pray for world peace, conversion of Russia and the salvation of souls
The apostle that replaced Judas
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