Most scholars think that the reason why the synoptic gospels are so much alike is that Matthew and Luke borrowed from Mark. Jesus? public ministry is usually dated 27-30 or 29-33CE The temple in Jerusalem was destroyed once and for all by the Romans in 70 CE The word gospel translates a Greek word which means good news The Jews of Jesus? time often thought that Satan or his demons were responsible for illnesses and disability in that he caused these things directly and tempted people to sin and from sin came sickness and handicaps. Jesus was accused by his critics of breaking the law of the Sabbath, associating with sinners, and expelling demons by the power of the devil Jesus accused the Pharisees and scribes of making rules that contradicted the law of the bible. After Jesus asked his disciples who they thought he was he rebuked Peter when peter refused to accept what Jesus said about the Son of Man having to suffer. Jesus took Peter, James, and John up a high mountain, and there he instructed them in parables about the kingdom of heaven. When James and John hear Jesus say that the Son of Man will be put to death their response is to ask Jesus for seats in his glory at his right hand and his left. After Jesus entered Jerusalem he caused a disturbance when he drove the merchants from the temple. Jesus was found deserving of death by the high priest when he said that he was the Messiah. The inscription on Jesus? cross read the King of the Jews The Women who came to anoint Jesus? body in the tomb were unable to do so because the body wasn?t there. The readings from the material on blueline concern God?s intervention in history to save Israel from the evils it suffers. The introduction to Luke?s gospel says that Luke probably used Mark?s gospel, his own special source, and the ?Q? source. Luke?s gospel begins with the narrative of the announcement to John the Baptist?s parents that he would be born. In Luke?s gospel, after Jesus was born, the first people to be told of it were some shepherds. These were people who were part of the lowest of the low classes and they couldn?t be at home to guard their wives. The fact they were the first to know of Jesus? birth shows that social class doesn?t exist in God?s kingdom. After Jesus? baptism the devil tempts him to make bread from stone, worship him, and throw himself from the top of the temple. The people of Jesus? home town try to throw him off a hill after he tells them of how Elijah and Elisha helped some non-Israelites. When Simon Peter sees what a lot of fish he?s caught with Jesus in the boat, he asks Jesus to leave him. Jesus tells his listeners that if someone takes something from them they should give the person something else as well. When Simon the Pharisee is shocked at how Jesus allows the sinful woman to treat him, he (Jesus) tells him the parable of the two people who owed money. When Jesus heals the Gerasene demoniac some nearby herdsmen are astonished when their pigs rush into the nearby lake and drown. Luke?s gospel has a much longer narrative than the other gospels concerning Jesus? journey with his discipes from Gaililee to Jerusalem The parable of the Good Samaritan is about someone who helps a robbery victim. In the parable of the Lost Son, the older brother refuses to join in the celebration when his brother returns In the parable of the ten gold coins, the servant is condemned who keeps safe the money entrusted to him The apostle Peter wept bitterly after he denied knowing Jesus. The two disciples who go to Emmaus recognize Jesus when he breaks bread with him. The Acts of the Apostles continues Luke?s favorite theme(s) namely discipleship as a journey, the danger of wealth to discipleship, and the guiding power of the Holy Spirit. It is on the Feast of Pentecost that the Holy Spirit comes upon the disciples. About 3,000 Jews became Christians when Peter announced to them that Jesus had been raised form the dead and lifted to God?s right hand. The Sadducees found the disciples message embarrassing because a crippled man had been cured (this is a big deal) they didn?t believe in the resurrection and they were associated with the religious leadership some members of whom had pushed the Romans to have Jesus crucified. The Sanhedrin put the apostles in jail, but they got out the same night because an angel let them out. Stephen was part of a group ordained by the apostles to wait on table Stephen was stoned to death after he said that he saw the Son of Man standing at God?s right hand. Simon the Magician was scolded by Peter for offering the apostles money to give him the power to give the Holy Spirit The Ethiopian court official became a Christian after he had Philip explain a passage in the prophet Isaiah to him. Another name for Paul is Saul. Another name for Peter is Simon, Cephas, and Symeon. Paul became a Christian when he heard Jesus speak to him while on a journey. Peter?s decision to visit Cornelius? house came after he saw a lot of animals coming down from the sky and going up again. When Paul went out to the Diaspora to bring the gospel, he brought it to both Jews and non-Jews because both kinds of people used to attend synagogue services on the Sabbath. When the crowds in Lystra saw Paul heal a cripple, they reacted by worshipping him. The Council of Jerusalem met to decide about how non-Jews should become Christians. Everyone should be baptized, the question was if circumcision was required. The Laws in Leviticus 17-18 have to do with what kind of eat may be eaten and who may marry whom. They apply to Israelites and non-Israelites living in the territory of Israel. Paul?s general rule in 1 Corinthians is that Jewish Christians should continue to keep the Jewish law, but Christians formerly pagan shouldn?t. At Philippi, Paul was imprisoned after he drove out a spirit from someone. Paul?s speech in the public square in Athens met with a mixed reaction with some people scoffing when he mentioned the resurrection. Apollos was a Christian missionary from Alexandria. The silversmiths of Ephesus riot because they fear that no one will buy their idols any more, since Paul has been preaching against idolatry. As Paul was on his way to Jerusalem, he told the presbyters of Ephesus that he wouldn?t see them again because he faced imprisonment Paul faced trouble when he got to Jerusalem because of a rumor going around that he had been telling the Diaspora Jews to stop keeping the Jewish law. At Paul?s trial befor the Sanhedrin a violent argument broke out between the Pharisees and the Sadducees. A footnote says that Porcius Festus (Paul?s judge in Caesarea) was procurator of Judea from 60-62. Paul?s stay in Malta was occasioned by shipwreck. According to Acts, Paul traveled to Rome because he had appealed his case to Caesar. Acts ends with Paul?s preaching the gospel in Rome. The introduction to Matthew in the CSB says that Matthew was probably written in the decade 80-90CE Many moderm scholars think that the reason why the Pharisees are portrayed in Matthew as Jesus? main opponents is b/c at the time when Matthew was writing, the Pharisees and the Christians were the two groups who were left competing for authority in the Jewish community after the Jewish-Roman war. The introduction in the CSB says that Matthew?s sources were Mark, Q, and his own special source ?M? ?Q? as a source for the gospels is a hypothetical collection of Jesus? sayings used by the Gospels of Matthew, Luke, and Thomas. In Matthew the story of the Magi comes just after the account of ______________ Just before Jesus was tempted he was baptized. The devil tempted Jesus to turn stones into bread, throw himself down from the temple parapet, and worship him (the devil) Jesus says concerning the law that he has come in order to fulfill it. Jesus teaches about the Kingdom of Heaven by means of a parable concerning seed that is sown, yeast mixed with flour, and buried treasure. In Matthew when Peter tells Jesus that he is the Messiah, Jesus tells him that he will give him the keys to the Kingdom of Heaven, whatever he (Peter) binds on earth will be bound in heaven, and whatever he looses on earth will be loosed in heaven, and the gates of the netherworld will not prevail against the church. The Parable of the Unforgiving Servant is a story about a servant who did not imitate his master?s forgiving ways. In fact, his master had forgiven him a debt much larger than the man who owed him money but he punished his fellow servant. In the parable of the vineyard workers the workers paid last of all feel resentful The Sadducees question Jesus about the doctrine of the resurrection Jesus says that on judgment day the people who failed to care for the needy will be punished by eternal fire In the account of Jesus? arrest, peter is singled out as the disciple who denied knowing Jesus. Paul became a Christian around 34 CE Before becoming a Christian Paul was a strict Pharisee opposed to Christianity The CSB says that Paul?s letters were written before the gospels and before the Jewish-Roaman war. Paul died around 62 CE when he was executed in Rome during the emperor Nero?s persecution of Christians The letters attributed to Paul in the New Testament are arranged from the longest to the shortest. Stephen was stoned to death after he accused the Sanhedrin of resisting God?s will. Paul became a Christian when he was baptized by Ananias Another name for Paul is Saul. The letter to Philemon concerns how to treat a runaway slave. 1 Thessalonians shows that the Christians of Thessalonica were worried about their fellow Christians who died. 2 Thessalonians says that when Jesus retruns from heaven, he will come in blazing fire and kill the lawless ones. 2 Thessalonians says that the Christians of Thessalonica were worried about a rumor that the day of the Lord was at hand. Paul refers to the Christian Philippi as his ?partners? for gospel because they have the same kind of close community life that shows what the gospel is all about. The false teachers to whom Philippians refers are saying that Christians formerly pagans must be circumcised and keep the Jewish law. In today?s reading assignment the letter which some scholars think is not really by Paul 2 Thessalonians.
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