To transfer (tissue or organ) from one body or body part to another.
What are the two main forms of organ transplantation?
Solid organ transplant and bone marrow transplant.
What are the 3 problems associated with transplantation?
1. Introducing the transplant in a way that allows it to perform its normal function. 2. Guarding the health of both the recipient and the donor 3. And preventing the recipient's immune system from rejecting the grafted tissue.
What is true regarding the relationship of a patient's immune system and transplant success?
A strong immune system works against the patient. The stronger the patient's immune system, the fast the grafted tissue rejection.
What are the hallmarks of a successful transplantation?
Matching the tissue type between donor and recipient and successfully suppressing the immune system to inhibit a response to grafted tissue.
What is the universal rule of transplantation?
Engrafted tissue will be rejected by the immune system if any histocompatibility antigens on the graft are absent from the recipient.