Types of Wigs - Cap wigs - made of an elasticized mesh-fiber base to which hair is attached. the front of the wig is made form a material to resemble the clients scalp. it contains wire support and lace extensions for a snug fit. - Cap-less wig - machine made. The hair is woven in rows of wefts (long strips). Much cooler and lighter to wear. - Hand-tied (hand-knotted) wigs - made by inserting individual strands of hair into a mesh foundation and knotting them with with a needle. Have a natural, realistic look to actual human hair growth. - Semi-hand-tied wigs - combination of synthetic hair and hand-tied human hair. reasonably priced, natural appearance and durable. - Machine-made wigs - least expensive. made from wefts they offer no versatility, you can not change the style of these wigs. Taking wig Measurements - Measure the circumference of the head. - Measure from middle of front hairline to nape - Measure from ear to ear, across the forehead - Measure from ear to ear, over the top of the head - Measure from temple to temple across the crown - Measure across the nape of the neck - Include hair shade, quality of hair, hair length, type of hair part and pattern. Blocking the Wig - Block - a head-shaped form, usually made of canvas-covered cork or Styrofoam, to which the wig is secured for fitting, cleaning, coloring and styling. - Always fit the wig to the right size block. don't try to stretch it or shrink it on larger or smaller blocks. Putting on the Wig - Section the clients hair, and pin out of the way - Hold the front of the wig against the forehead and gently slide the wig back onto the back of the head - Hold the edge in front of the ears and pull it down, make sure it is sitting straight. Cleaning the Wig - Always follow manufacturers directions - A gentle shampoo can e used, avoid alkaline shampoos. Cutting the Wig - Taper the ends of the wig to make it look more realistic. The more solid the shape, the more unnatural. - Follow the basic guides for cutting as you normally would. Styling the Wig - When using heat on human hair; keep it on low. - Treat the hair gently; don't over abuse it - A good brush with smooth rounded plastic teeth is recommended - Choose styling products that are made for color treated hair. - Place the wig on a block to do all your services on. Styling tips for the Hairline - Back-comb gently around the hairline - Release the client's hair around the hairline and blend it with the wig hair. Coloring Wigs and Extensions - Synthetic hair colors are standardized for signs and hairpieces. They come in 70 colors. They range from black to palest blonde. - Only human hair, with the cuticle in tact, can receive permanent color. Perming the Wig - Make sure you know what and how the hair is colored with. - Perm on wig block. - perm as you normally would for real hair. Hairpieces - Gives 20 - 70% coverage. - Sits on top of the head and is attached temporarily. - Some interlock with combs, flexible wire, elastic, claw clips and Velcro. Integration Hairpieces - Def; has an opening in the base through which the clients' own hair is pulled to blend with the hairpiece. - They are lightweight, natural-looking, can add length and volume to the client's hair. Toupees - def: a small wig used to cover the top and crown of the head. - A net base can be attached in two ways: - Temporary - tape or clips - Semi - Permanent - weaving, tracks, adhesives or sewing - Most toupees are custom designed. Fashion Hairpieces - Great for special occasions and attached temporarily with hairpins, clips, combs or pins - Wraparound ponytail - long length or wefted hair. - Cascade of curls - attached with combs - Hair wrap - mounted on an elastic loop. Secured with hairpins.