Which of the following is an unconditioned response?
playing jump rope
running through a maze to get a food reward
sweating in hot weather
clapping after a thrilling concert performance
3. sweating in hot weather
A child's fear at the sight of a hypodermic needle is a(n):
1. conditioned response
Monica's psychotherapist reminds her so much of her own father that she has many of the same mixed emotional reactions to him that she has to her own dad. Her reactions to her therapist best illustrate the importance of:
Watson and Rayner's study of Little Albert demonstrated how specific fears:
can interfere with the process of learning.
can be used as negative reinforcers.
are acquired through observational learning.
may be produced through classical conditioning.
4. may be produced through classical conditioning
A Skinner box is a(n):
soundproofed cubicle in which organisms are classically conditioned in the absence of distracting noise.
aversive or punishing event that decreases the occurrence of certain undesirable behaviors.
special "slot machine" that is used to study the effects of partial reinforcement on gambling behavior.
chamber containing a bar or key that an animal can manipulate to obtain a reward.
television projection device designed for use in laboratory studies of observational learning.
4. Chamber containing a bar or key that an animal can manipulate to obtain a reward.
Mason, a stockbroker, runs two miles every day after work because it reduces his level of stress. Mason's running habit is maintained by a ________ reinforcer.