works by determining which traits correlate with one another
2 of the biggest Five Personality traits
implied that active, outgoing behavior leads to happiness, athough it is also likely that happiness leads to active, outgoing behavior.
does our personality change when we age?
yes in fact by becoming more consistent
allow a person to project their personality characteristics onto ambiguous stimuli. This strategy helps people reveal themselves more fully than they normally would.
Rorschach Inkblot test
developed by giving people 10 ambiguous inkblots and asking them to say whatever came to mind upon seeing one. Main problem: that psycologists can draw different conclusions from the same answer depending on their theoretical expectations.
The Thematic Apperception Test
Developed by asking a person to make up a story for pictures that they are shown, and they must desctibe what is happening, what events lead to the scene, and what will happen in the future.
Reliable enough for research purposes but not for making important decisions about an individual.