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He was a German general credited with a major victory over Russia at the Battle of Tannenberg in August 1914. He was then promoted to President of the Weimar of the Germany and appointed Hitler as chancellor in 1933.
This was Nazi Germany’s feared secret police force who controlled all police units in Nazi Germany during WWII. Their main purpose was to hunt out “threats” to Nazi Germany including Jews, Communists, Jehovah Witnesses, homosexuals, and anyone who challenged the Nazi party.
He was Hitler’s minister of propaganda and built up Nazi support of the German regime. His nickname was the “Poison Dwarf” for his sharp tongue that created conflict with the Nazi party.
He was a German military leader who became a prominent leader in the Nazi Party and second in command of the Third Reich government after Adolf Hitler. In March 1938, he was marshal of the Third Reich and Hitlers’ second in charge and warned all the Jews to leave Austria, one of the first steps toward what would become the Nazi “final solution to the Jewish Question,” or the Nazi Holocaust, which murdered over 6 million Jews. After WWII, he was convicted for his role in the Nazi Holocaust and was sentenced to death, but he committed suicide by ingesting poison before his execution.
He was one of the most feared men in Nazi Germany, head of the Gestapo, and one of Hitler’s bodyguards in the SS. He led the “Night of the Long Knives” and was in charge of concentration camps in Germany.
He was Prime Minister of Great Britain in 1939 as Europe descended into WWII after the failure of appeasement in the 1930s. He declared war on Germany and resigned and died shortly after.
He served as the prime minister of Great Britain from 1940 to 1945 and again from 1951 to 1955. He was the leader in Britain’s fight against Nazi Germany in WWII. He was a talented orator who gave morale boosting septettes during the war. As a close friend of Presidents Roosevelt and Truman, he joined the Americans post-war at the Yalta Conference. In January 1943, he met with President Roosevelt in Casablanca, Morocco to plan attaches on all warfronts, to invade Sicily and Italy, to send forces to the Pacific, and to better aid the Soviet Union.
He was France’s true leader during WWII. He was the political figure head of the Free French Movement. Due to his difficult personality, he was neither invited to Yalta nor Potsdam.
He was the Prime Minister of Japan when the attack on Pearl Harbor took place. He saw a future of Japan and Hitler becoming allies. He believed that war on America could not be avoided.
This was the union of Austria and Germany. The demand for this heightened after Adolf Hitler became German Chancellor. Initially Austria did not want this union but a Nazi prime minister was put into power to make it happen.
This was an island that was part of the Solomons. When Japan occupied it, this island became a primary strategic for the Pacific offensive. When the US invaded, it was the first time Navajo Code Talking was used. General Alexander Vandergrift made his biggest accomplishments here.
This was the June 1942 naval battle where the imperial Japanese Navy was crushed by a smaller American Fleet.
This was where a conference that consisted of Joseph Stalin, Winston Churchill, and Franklin D. Roosevelt and took place in Crimea. Poland was the main issue debated at this conference.
This was the US government’s crash program to build an atomic bomb during WWII. Physicist J. Robert Oppenheimer led this secret American program.
This was where the first atomic bomb was dropped in Japan by a B29 bomber piloted by Paul Tibbets. It was ordered by President Truman.
These were a group of Italian Fascists who fought with the Nationalist Army during the Spanish Civil War and ruled the Island of Majorica.
This was the adopted title of the Italian Fascist Prime Minister Benito Mussolini in the 1920’s. The term means “the noble leader.”
This was devastated by the Great Depression because America propped this up with huge loans. As a result, hyperinflation occurred and no Germans were happy and turned to the Nazi and communist parties.
This was a large domed building of Berlin which was the home of the German Parliament. The Nazi party quickly gained power by holding seats here.
This is a term used by Nazis to describe a race of people who they viewed as being racially superior with the features of blonde hair and blue eyes.
This was a meeting held in 1923 with about 3,000 Bavarian government officials. Here, Hitler made a scene by entering the building, jumping on a table, firing two shots in the air, and telling the audience that the National Revolution has begun.
These consisted of Hitler’s anti-semitic ideas in effort to make life so unpleasant for Jews that they would emigrate, He made it so Jews were no longer citizens of Germany, and it was illegal for Jews to marry Aryans.
On the night of November 11 in Germany, 1938, 7500 Jewish businesses were looted, 191 synagogues were set on fire, 100 Jews were killed, and tens of thousands were sent to concentration camps. This phrase translates to “Night of the Broken Glass.”
These were special areas in cities where Jews had to live which were surrounded by barbed wire, brick walls, and armed guards. For example in Warsaw, 100,000 Jews died of starvation and disease at this place.
This was Chamberlain’s foreign policy towards Germany that implied that the Allies treated Germany badly after WWI, and they thought Germany had genuine grievances.
This was when Chamberlain met with Hitler and told him that his proposal to take over Sudetenland was unacceptable. When Hitler broke the agreement, the Appeasement policy came to an end.
In 1939, Germany invades this city in Poland despite the declaration of it being a free city in the Versailles Treaty.
Stalin dealt with Hitler by persuading him to sign a peace treaty in Moscow promising that both countries would remain neutral with each other even in war.
This was the name given to the period of time during WWII from September 1939 to April 1940. It summarizes that the major calamity that Britain expected never happened. The war was a sitting war.
When France surrendered to Germany in 1940, this Nazi-approved government was created and was the name of the non-occupied land of France.
This permitted the United States to lend or lease weapons, military vessels, and other supplies to the Allies. It contradicted FDR’s promise of neutrality in WWII.
This was a city that the Germans could not capture from the Russians in the winter of 1942-1943 which was a turning point of the war.
This was ordered by Mussolini on southern France because he knew France was on the verge of surrendering and wanted some land.
This was the last major Nazi offensive against the Allies in WWII from the winter months of 1944 to 1945. It was Hitler’s las attempt to split the Allies in two.
This was a city where one of the most controversial bombings was done by the Allies during WWII. It was Germany’s cultural center. Between 35,000 and 135,000 civilians were killed.
From July 17th to August 2nd, 1945, the leaders of the Allied Powers- United States president Harry Truman, Soviet premier Josef Stalin, and British prime minister Clement Attlee- met in Potsdam, Germany to continue negotiations over the plans for the post-war world that had begun several months earlier in Yalta.
This was when the “big three” (Stalin, Churchill, and Roosevelt) met at Casablanca and discussed the direction of WWII in Europe.
From February 4th to 11th , 1945, the leaders of the major Allied power- President Roosevelt, Prime Minister Winston Churchill (British), and Soviet President Josef Stalin- met at a Crimean resort in Yalta to make post-war arrangements that determined to protect the nations from future German aggression, and Stalin claimed the right to dominate large portions of eastern Europe
This was General Douglas MacArthur’s tactic in his attack on the Japanese islands in the Pacific Ocean. He was successful because he started by taking over the most powerful islands.
He flew this when he was dropping the first atomic bomb on Hiroshima.
These were held between 1945 and 1949 in order to punish the culprits of the major crimes during WWII. Many Nazis were sentenced to death and multiple years in prison.
These occurred between 1946 and 1948, and the Japanese was criminals were punished. Seven Japanese, including General Tojo, were sentenced to death.
This was Germany’s first concentration calm that opened. This American group liberated the camp in Munich and discovered 30,000+ prisoners.
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