as the seventh President of the United States (1829–1837). Based in frontier Tennessee, Jackson was a politician and army general who defeated the Creek Indians at theBattle of Horseshoe Bend (1814), and the British at the Battle of New Orleans (1815).
nicknamed "Old Hickory" because of his toughness and aggressive personality
He expanded the spoils system during his presidency to strengthen his political base.
was a leading politician and political theorist from South Carolina during the first half of the 19th century. A powerful intellect, Calhoun eloquently spoke out on every issue of his day, but often changed positions. Calhoun began his political career as a nationalist, modernizer, and proponent of a strong national government and protective tariffs.
was a lawyer, politician and skilled orator who representedKentucky separately in both the Senate and in the House of Representatives. He served three different terms asSpeaker of the United States House of Representatives and was also Secretary of State from 1825 to 1829.
Got John Quincy Adams in to presidency with corrupt bargaining being the speaker of the house
John Quincy Adams
was the sixth President of the United States(1825–1829). He served as an American diplomat, Senator, and Congressional representative. He was a member of the Federalist, Democratic-Republican, National Republican, and later Anti-Masonic and Whig parties.
Got into presidency with the help of Clay in corrupt bargaining
He was a spokesman for modernization, banking and industry, but not for the common people who comprised the base of his enemies in Jacksonian Democracy;
was a leading American statesman and senator from Massachusetts during the period leading up to the Civil War.
the right of a state to ban a law they believe is unjust or unright by the federal government
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