A parliamentary regime with majority governments. Also defined as a Parliamentary System with Majoritarian Electoral System
the process of change occurring gradually. In the UK this occurred with the establishment of the parliament over the monarchy and then the establishment of the house of commons over the house of lords
The amount of power given to the government (parliamentary system (no checks and balances), majority governments and a very high party discipline is extremely large. The PM has dominates the HoC and can call new elections for them.
The idea that the parliament is above all other institutions. Nothing has limit on the power of the parliament besides the fact that parliaments cannot bind future parliemts
"A colorful anomaly in the world's parliament oldest parliament"
Upper house usarally represents something other than the people. In the British parliament, many of the seats are hereditary ending this generation. There is a wide variety of individuals in the upper house, mostly representing the upper class
where members of the party support the policies of the party leadership
Prime Minister's Question
When the MPs (particularly the leader of the opposition party) and the prime minister have tabled debates to answer questions
State vs Market
the general theme of UK politics. Margret Thatcher = Market, Pre Thatcher = State
The separation between party positions that makes voters vote one way or another
the idea of more state involvement in health, economic, ect...
National Health Service
Example of the state side of state vs market
Winter of Discontent
1978-1979, when there were significant labor disputes resulting in the UK losing quite a few working days
The UK's first female prime minister, know as the iron lady. She came to power at a time of change. She pursued a very strong pro market, anti union policy
following the ideas of Margaret Thatchers government. Pro market, privitization and anti-union
Leader of the Labor party and Pm from 1997-2007
Part of the labor party distribution. It (and the party) was modernized by Tony Blair. It declared the labour party socialist and reworded the clause so that it no longer confused the ends with the means
An economic policy that is a centralist approach between European socialism and Thatcherite laissez faire approaches.
another take of state vs. market, the idea that "we're all in this together"
Something that often befalls long time democratically elected leaders
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