Neurons that carry sensory information to distant parts of the brain and spinal cord
The rapid movement of sodium into the cell
The lobe of the brain primarily involved in functions related to vision
Which of the following areas of the spinal cord contains 12 segments
Which cell type has the most potential for regeneration after injury?
Coup/contercoup occurs due to which type of injury mechanism?
Neurogenic shock is due to altered transmission in which conduction system
Seizure disorders are associated with which type of injury mechanism?
Which type of spinal cord injury is associated with the clinical manifestation of ipsilateral loss of motor and sensory function?
Which type of neuron synthesizes and secretes norepinephrine as the primary neurotransmitter?
Which sensory receptor is responsible for impulses resulting in the sensation of touch?
Which somatosensory neurons are responsible for communication of sensory information from the thalamus to the cerebral cortex and are present in the greatest quantity?
The most likely site of pathology leading to alterations in balance is
the inner ear
Which type of pain involves a typical pattern of impulse conduction and originates outside of the nervous system?
Hyperopia is a condition characterized by
Error in refraction
Infection of the middle ear is also known as
Sensorineural hearing loss is
Often permanent, resulting from disease, trauma, or genetic defect
The mechanism of action of opioid analgesics is
Modulate pain at the level of the spinal cord by binding to mu, delta, and kappa receptors
Which one of the following eye conditions is the result of increased intraocular pressure?
Balance and body position are the function of
utricle, saccule, semicircular canals
Damage to the cochlear hair cells may result in
Fibromyalgia is diagnosed by
multiple tender points
Neuromatrix pain theory states
Neural network integration of multiple inputs determines pain perception
Which of the following provides the most objective measurement of renal dysfunction
Glomerular filtration rate
A characteristic change in stool that may indicate the presence of blood includes which one of the following?
Which of the following diagnostic procedures allows analysis of the entire large colon?
Which of the following foods should be avoided in people with renal calculi?
Which of the following foods should be avoided in people with diverticular disease
Which type of urinary incontinence can be attributed to muscle overactivity
The enteric nervous system component located between the circular and longitudinal muscle layers of the large intestine:
The area of the large intestine that absorbs the majority of water is the
The process by which fecal contents enters the rectum is known as
The average volume of urine eliminated each day totals
The _________ sphincter is made of skeletal muscle and is under voluntary control.
Urine specific gravity of 1:030 indicates:
Which of the following diagnostic criteria is consistent with the diagnosis of encopresis?
age of 5 years
A GFR of 95 mL/min indicates
normal renal function
Which of the following increases the risk for renal calculi?
You have inflammation of the large intestine, a condition called ulcerative colitis. What is the most probable reason that you would develop iron-deficiency anemia?
You are experiencing chronic blood loss in your stools
You are part of the health care team at a clinic for adolescents with anorexia nervosa. Which of the assessments that you perform is focused on recognizing the most common cause for mortality in those with AN?
Which dietary change would be recommended for the individual with celiac disease?
avoid wheat, rye, barley and oats
Which of the following affects the sensations of hunger and satiety and therefore plays a major role in the development of obesity?
Which of the following does not contribute as an energy source in the diet?
You are caring for an individual with liver disease. What are you most concerned about with regard to nutrition?
The patient may be unable to adequately store nutrients, unable to synthesize nutrients, and unable to metabolize macronutrients
Your patient has gall bladder disease and is unable to store and release adequate bile to the small intestine. What dietary modifications do you suggest?
decrease fat intake
You are working in the newborn nursery and are an advocate for breastfeeding. It is the winter in northern Minnesota and you are concerned about low sunlight exposure in infants who are breastfeeding as they may develop vitamin D deficiency. What is the major manifestation of vitamin D deficiency
impaired mineralization in growing bones
You are planning a nutritional in-service to your clinic’s service area in California. What concept of altered nutrition should you focus your talk in order to address the largest nutritional problem in your area?
What is known about glucose transport into the small intestine?
Requires cotransport with sodium, Occurs through active transport, and Must first be reduced as is rarely consumed in the typical diet
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