- University of Illinois - Urbana-Champaign
- Animal Sciences
- Animal Sciences 103
- Untitled Flashcards
Last Modified: 2012-04-19
2-are determined to meet the animals needs
3-have a good understanding of the requirements of the animal
4-can translate this understanding through their handling practices into a high level of care
- know what you want to do - have a plan
- determine the attitude of animals - can you work with them?
- determine size of flight zone
- place yourself so animals will move in desired direction
- observe their behavior
- make adjustments if necessary
- continue if its working-change if its not
- slow is faster!
- preg checked
- placed in farrowing crate around day 110 of gestation
- preg checked
- kept in group with other expecting mothers
- nesting behavior
- sow: milk letdown 24 hours prior
- check progress hourly
- no progress in 4 hrs - investigate
- this stage generally lasts 2-6 hrs, calf is not in birth canal so no risk of oxygen deprivation
- you can afford to wait!
- calf in birth canal and will arrive soon
- if abdominal straining or pushing could deliver in 20-25 min
- most cows take short breaks
- don't break the water bag
- after water bag breaks, cows take longer breaks
- pinch tongue, if it pulls back calf is ok if not deliver ASAP
- check tongue color: can be dark/purple during contraction, but should return to pink quickly - if it doesn't, deliver calf within 10 min
- blood in fetal membranes or amniotic fluid
- check for presence of cotyledons
- bleeding around cows rectum
- continue to check progress, should be true each time you check
- if not check the position of the calf again
- pay have to adjust position
- water bag has been visible for more than 2 hours and no signs of progress
- if cow has been consistently straining without breaks for 30 min and no progress
- if cow stops trying for no apparent reason for more than 15-20 min
- if cow or calf show any sign of distress
- allows mother to bond with the baby
- allows baby to bond with its mother
- teaches baby who its mother is
- dries baby off and allows it to stay warm
- stimulates blood circulation which encourages baby to stand
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