The law assumes free will and the capacity to make and act upon choices
The Mental disability reduces this capacity thus making the person less blame worthy and less able to obey the laws mandates
Cognitive test of insanity
"All or nothing" test
50% of the states use this to establish a defense on the grounds of insanity
Loss of ability to control one's behavior.
If a defendant demonstrated cognitive knowledge of right and wrong he could still be found not guilty by reason of insanity if his free will was destroyed or overruled that the person had lost the power to choose between right and wrong
The Product Test
"An accused is not criminally responsible if his unlawful act ws the product of mental disease or defect
Combines Mcaghten and Irresistible Impulse formation into one definition
3. Substantial Factors
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