Gave Congress authority to regulate interstate commerce.(companies that cross state lines can be regulated)
McCulloch v. Maryland
(John Marshall) Established the principle of implied powers and upheld the constitutionality of the bank. "the power to tax is the power to destroy"
(1819) Dartmouth College v. Woodward
Republicans back the president of the college, Federalists backed the trustees
president try to make it a public institution (instead of private) by having the charter revoked
ruled that even though charter was granted by the king georg III, it was still a contract and thus could not be changed without the consent of both parties
Smith v. Allwright
was an important decision of the United States Supreme Court with regard to voting rights and, by extension, racial desegregation. It overturned the Democratic Party's use of all-white primaries in Texas, and other states where the party used the rule.
(blacks can't be excluded from voting)
Plessy v. Ferguson
Plessy v. Ferguson, 163 U.S. 537 (1896), is a landmark United States Supreme Court decision in the jurisprudence of the United States, upholding the constitutionality of state laws requiring racial segregation in private businesses (particularly railroads), under the doctrine of "SEPERATE BUT EQUAl".
Cohens v Virginia
Supreme Court rules that it could review state court decisions (Cohens brothers sold DC lottery tickets in VA even though VA thought gambling was sinful)
(JUDICIAL review:scotus may review court state ruling)
Brown v Board of Education of Topeka
(1954), was a landmark decision of the United States Supreme Court that declared state laws establishing separate public schools for black and white students unconstitutional. The decision overturned the Plessy v. Ferguson decision of 1896 which allowed state-sponsored segregation.
US v Harris
Upheld constitutionality of Regulation of Lobbying act but narrowed scope- The Court ruled that the act applies only to paid lobbyists who directly communicate with members of Congress on pending or proposed federal legislation.
decision by Supreme Court upholding the constitutionality of minimum wage legislation
overturning an earlier decision in Adkins v. Children's Hospital, (1923)
decision is regarded as having ended the Lochner era, (a period in American legal history during which the Supreme Court tended to invalidate legislation aimed at regulating business)
(first court case supported minimum wage by scotus
switch in time to save nine
Baker v. Carr
Judicial Branch of government can rule on matters of legislative apportionment
used principle of "one person, one vote"
ordered state legislative districts to be as equal as possible
WARREN COURT POLITICAL ACTIVISIM
INS V CHADA
INS v. Chadha
legislative veto unconstitutional and result is ignored in D.C>
Lochner v. New York (1905)
Declared unconstitutional a New York act limiting the working hours of bakers due to a denial of the 14th Amendment rights.
Griswold v. Conneticut
the 1965 case ruling that Connecticut could not prohibit the use of contraceptives by married couples, enumerating a right of privacy.
Although the Consitution contains no explicit right of privacy, the Court argued that various guarantees in the First, Third, Fourth, Fifth, and Ninth Amendments create "zones of privacy" that the government has no right to invade
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