Which of the following states is the goal of homeostasis?
An example of homeostasis is the:
increase in heart rate and breathing that occurs during physical exertion.
Larry is 30 years old and will play tennis with 18-year-old Chris. They are equally matched in ability. Larry will probably:
need more rest afterward to allow bodily functions to return to normal
Compared to 20-year-olds, 35-year-olds are less likely to:
bounce back quickly after a physiologically stressful activity
The term “organ reserve” refers to:
the extra capacity available to an organ when subjected to stress
A 50-year-old will most likely be slower than a 20-year-old in:
running up several flights of stairs
Fifty-year-olds can expect to retain ______ percent of the muscle strength they had at age 20.
At age 50, a man can expect to:
feel almost as strong as he did at age 20
As we age, the resting heart rate:
fluctuates a great deal
The age-related biological changes that occur during the first decades of adulthood:
increase the risk of death
Emerging adults spent more money on their _________ than any other age group.
shoes and clothes
Eric, age 20, works out at the gym six days each week. Typical of emerging adults, when asked his motivation for his regular workouts, he replies:
to stay fit
The most common time for males and females to have a baby is during:
The maternal age range of peak fertility and peak newborn survival has always been:
The pattern that limits sexual activity to one steady partner at a time is called:
Recent research indicates that attitudes about the purpose of sex fall into which of the following three categories?
reproduction, relationship, and recreation
Assumptions about the purpose of sex are usually mutual when partners:
were raised in the same religion and culture
If partners hold differing assumptions about the purpose of sex or the nature of gender, ______ and ______ may follow.
emotional pain; frustrations
In the United States, most emerging adults have at least ______ STI[s] (sexually transmitted infection[s]).
Within 20 years, primarily because of the sexual activities of young adults, _______ became a worldwide epidemic.
Average well-being increases in emerging adulthood, as does the incidence of:
The diathesis–stress model of mental illness proposes that a combination of ______ and ______ produces mental disorders.
genetic vulnerability; environmental stresses
Symptoms of depression do include:
trouble concentrating and sleeping
Sitting for long hours correlates with almost every unhealthy condition except:
___________ disorders include panic attacks, post-traumatic stress disorder, and obsessive-compulsive disorder.
In the CARDIA study that followed 18- to 30-year-olds into middle age, those who were the least fit:
D were four times as likely to have diabetes and high blood pressure 15 years laterefinition
The stage of faith that is based on God rewarding those who follow His laws and punishing others is referred to as:
Favoring what feels right over what makes intellectual sense is typical of ______ faith.
The stage in which faith becomes an active commitment, detached from the expectations of culture and parents, is referred to as the stage of:
The type of faith in which people can accept contradictions and incorporate both powerful unconscious ideas and rational, conscious values is:
Which statement about Fowler's sixth stage of universalizing faith is true?
People have a vision of universal compassion, justice, and love
According to Fowler, Mother Teresa, Martin Luther King, Jr., and Mohandas Gandhi exhibited which stage of faith?
Identify the true statement about developmentalists' view of faith and religion.
It progresses from a self-centered perspective to a many-sided, altruistic view
Maria just signed the papers for her student loan. The approximate percentage of all U.S. students who take out student loans to finance their educations is
Compared to individuals with a college education, those without a college education tend to be more:
likely to smoke
The first phase of college students' thinking is:
believing in the existence of clear and perfect truths
Perry found that over the four years of their college careers, students:
progress through nine levels of complexity in their thinking
Joe is at the low end of Perry's scheme of cognitive development. He believes that:
authorities know what is right
Which statement illustrated Perry's concept of Relativism Discovered?
Everyone has the right to an opinion when authorities don't know the right answer
Describing college students in North America today, it is true that:
there are more females than males
Compared to 50 years ago, today's U.S. college population:
is more diverse and heterogeneous
Changes observed in college students over the past 30 years include more students:
specializing in business and the professions
U.S. students in 2009 considered which of the following objectives as the most important?
being very well off financially
Kevin is a high-school junior who has wanted to attend college since he was in elementary school. According to recent research, what will most significantly influence whether Kevin will attend college, and if he does, once he gets there, whether he will graduate?
his family's income
Which of the following statements about the structure of higher education in the United States currently as compared to several decades ago is true?
Enrollment in community colleges has increased
Which of the following statements about cohort effects regarding the effect of college on cognitive development is true?
The increased diversity of the college atmosphere probably helps to enhance cognitive development
Colleges that make use of their diversity by including ______ help students stretch their understanding not only of differences and similarities among people but also of themselves.
A) cooperative education B) class assignments and discussions C) learning communities >D) All of the answers are correct
Research has revealed that college education leads students to become:
more tolerant of differing religious and political views
When evaluating the effects of college, it becomes clear that:
even some college benefits emerging adults' cognitive development
In the first year of college, learning and cognitive growth depend mostly on:
the student's motivation and engagement with education
Sternberg refers to love in which couples share passion but lack intimacy or commitment as:
Jim and Margaret have been married for 35 years. They feel no passion and share few feelings. Sternberg would say that they have which type of love?
When a couple shares passion and intimacy but there is no commitment, Sternberg would say they have:
According to Sternberg, passion and commitment without intimacy result in:
Clara and Gus have been married for 55 years. They share deep intimacy and commitment but are no longer passionate. According to Sternberg, their love is now:
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