Syllabus ~ EDUC 535 Secondary Instructional Procedures EDUC 504 Historical & Philosophical Foundations of Education Dr. Samuel J. Smith, firstname.lastname@example.org , 434-592-4342 Vocabulary Chart - DALLAS VENTRE DIRECTIONS: Complete this vocabulary chart using your reading assignments (i.e., the George Knight textbook and the book summary in Blackboard of Nancy Pearcey’s Total Truth ) . Definitions are to be technically specific to philosophy of education. Instead of copying the definition verbatim, paraphrase it in words that would be meaningful to someone new to the field of philosophy. Avoid using the term itself in the definition. The definition need not be lengthy but must be long enough to convey the full meaning. philosophy Attitude towards the ideology, methodology, and sociology concerning all aspects of education. (Love of Wisdom ) worldview How we view education and decide what i s real/unreal and important/ unimportant. metaphysics The attempt to find unity across the domains of thought and reality concerning education. cosmology A science of how the universe was created and how it is structured in an orderly fashion. teleology The doctrine that natural phenomena are explained through overall design or purpose in nature. theology The study of God, religion, and relations between mankind and the universe. atheism The disbelief or denial that God or gods exist, to include rejection of any religious belief. pantheism The belief th at God and the universe are one in the same. deism The belief that God created the world and its natural laws , but does not interfere in human affairs. theism The belief in God and viewed as the creator and ruler of the universe. polytheism The worship and belief in more than one god or gods. monotheism Th e doctrine, belief, and worship in only one God. anthropology The study of various human elements in order to understand origins, ev olutions, and social norms. ontology A n organized system desig ned to allow concepts to be laid out in a way that makes sense. epistemology The study or theory of nature, its sources, and its limits of knowledge. skepticism A doctrine that absolute knowledge is impossible and any attempt to pursue it is unprofitable. agnosticism The belief that whether deities exist or do not exist cannot be known for certain. a priori A process of reasoning without reference to particular facts or experience. a posteriori A process of reasoning that comes from awareness and human experience. special revelation The knowledge of God and spiritual matters can be obtained through supernatural means. general revelation Revealing of knowledge or truth through communication with a deity or supernatural being. logic The use of valid reasoning in some activity and names the normative study of reasoning. correspondence validity Maintains that truth is actual state of affairs or what corresponds with actual facts. coherence validity Knowledge is valid if it is consistent or in harmony with other ideas, statements, or concepts. pragmatic validity The worth of ideas, principles, and practices depends on how they function in a given situation. axiology The branch of philosophy dealing with values, as those of ethics , aesthetics, or religion. ethics A system of moral ethics or conduct recognized in respect to a particular class or group. aesthetics The set of principles governing the idea of beauty at a given time and place . dichotomy (Pearcey book summary) The teacher’s responsibility to educate the student and the student ’ s responsibility to pursue that education. curriculum A particular course of study in a school or university. pedagogy The principles, art, instructions, and science utilized in the methods of teaching. modernism A branch of philosophy during the 18 th century that used rational thought to understand life. logocentrism The belief that speech , not writing , is central to language. metanarrative A larger narrative of a narrative that attempts to explain historical events and social experiences. deconstruction A theory that says a piece of writing has more than one meaning depending on the reader. limited absolutism Strict adherence to the law with no exceptions unlimited absolutism Adherence to the law or legal system , but with some deviation depending on circumstances. relativism The doctrine that no ideas or beliefs are universally true , but rather depend on the circumstances in which they are applied. positivism A philosophical system c oncerned with positive facts and phenomena, and excluding speculation utopian Idealized perfection , or in the state of being perfect. transmission (Knight, pp. 114-133) The act or process by which something in spread or passed from one person to another transformation (Knight, pp. 114-133) The act or process of changing completely. naturalism A doctrine that matter is the only reality and the mind , emotions, etc. are just functions of it . materialism T he doctrine that nothing exists except matter and its movements eclecticism A study of various doctrines of education in order combine the useful content. anthropocentric A process of reasoning where humans are the superior beings in the universe Absolute Mind A philosophy of thinking in which the process of spirit, God, or the idea reveals the truth of the idea that needs to be studied. liberal arts A course of instruction at the college level that combines knowledge from the arts, sciences, and other technical areas. This type of instruction was supported by Plato .