the physical or social settings in which something occurs or develops
a type of inpatient therapy used in psychiatric hospitals, involving prescription of particular activities and social interactions according to a patient's emotional and interpersonal needs
recurrent and persistent thought, impulse, or image experienced as intrusive and distressing. recognized as excessive and unreasonable even though it's the product of one's own mind. this thought, image, or impulse cannot be expunged by logic or reasoning
a persistent, irrational fear of a specific object, activity, or situation that results in a compelling desire to avoid it. this often leads to either avoidance of the stimulus or to enduring it with dread
causes or contributes to the occurence of a disorder or problem, final straw
exerts its effect prior to a behavior occuring, by increasing or decreasing a person or population's motivation to undertake that particular behavior
a medical physician who specializes in diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of mental illnesses, including substance abuse and addiction. they are uniquely qualified to assess both mental and physical aspects of psychological disturbance. their medical education has given them a full working knowledge of many causes for a patient's feelings and symptoms
a profession specializing in diagnosing and treating diseases of the brain, emotional disturbance, and behavior problems. they can only use talk therapy as treatment; you must see another medical doctor to be treated with medication. they may also have other qualifications, including board certification and additional training in a type of therapy
the process by which psychological distress is expressed as physical symptoms. it is an unconscious process
Recurrent, multiple, chronic complaints not accounted for by medical findings
Symptoms affecting voluntary, motor or sensory suggesting neurological disorder, preceded by stress
the unconscious assignment to others of feelings nad attitudes that were originally associated with important figures like parents/ siblings in one's early life. the relationship follows the pattern of its prototype. the psychiatrist utilizes this phenomenon as a therapeutic tool to help the patient understand emotional problems and their origins. in the patient-physician relationship it may be negative/hostile or positive/affectionate.
word used to describe observable behavior that represents the expression of a subjectively experienced feeling state or emotion.
the person stops abruptly in the middle of a thought when asked why they may say that it felt as if the thought had been taken out of his or her head. finally, the individual may make up unintelligible words or neologisms
represents a significant reduction in intensity of feelings
repetitive rituatlistic behavior such as handwashing or ordering a mental act like praying or repeating words silently to prevent or reduce distress or to prevent a dreaded situation or event.
a false belief based on incorrect inference about external reality that's firmly sustained despite what almost everyone else believes and despite what constitutes obvious proof or evidence to the contrary.
an alteration in the perception or experience of the self so that one feels detached from and as if one is an outside observer of, one's own mental processes or body (feeling like one is in a dream)
the manual of mental disorders. published by american psychiatric association and is revised from time to time. the official set of diagnostic criteria for mental disorders in the US. categories generally correspond to international categories used in the international classification of disease publised by world health org.
elevated mood, a desireable and natural occurence when it occurs from happy or exciting events. an excessive degree, however, that is not linked to events is characteristic of hypomania or mania, abnormal mood states associated with bipolar disorders
a sensory perception that has the compelling sense of reality of a true perception but that occurs without external stimulation of the relevant sensory organ. the person may or may not have insight into the fact of what's happening. it is not ordinarily applied to false perceptions occuring during dreaming, when sleeping, or when awakening.
it should be distinguished from illusions, in which an actual external stimulus is misperceived or misinterpreted.
personality disorder typified by attention seeking behaviors and over emotionality
a less severe condition in which the symptoms include elevated mood, increased activity, decreased need for sleep, grandiosity, racing thoughts, and the like. the episodes do not cause significant distress or impair one's work, family, or social life in an obvious way.
purposeful exaggeration of physical or psychological complaints with the goal of receiving a reward including money, insurance settlement, drugs or the avoidance of punishment, work, jury duty, military, or other service.
pervasive and sustained emotion that colors one's perception of the world.
mood (more pervasive and sustained than affect, which is fluctuating)
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