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Saint Olaf College
Saint Olaf College
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Categorization of Hindu Society by four Castes: Brahmans, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas, and Shudras
Large body of texts in Vedic Sanskrit originating in Ancient India
Continuous cycle of birth, life, death, rebirth, or reincarnation or
Spiritual Teacher who founded Buddhism. Regarded as the Supreme Buddha
, meaning "awakened one", or the "enlightened one"
A person who wishes to gain enlightenment
Mother of Siddharta Gautama, gives birth to Siddhartha then dies afterwards
Father of Siddhartha Gautama
"Wheel Turner" either a right universal king or a great enlightened renunciant
Specific Observations made by Prince Siddhartha which led to a realization. He observes: an old man, a sick man, a corpse and an ascetic.
Sanskrit word for God or Deity
Wife of Prince Siddhartha Gautama, has a baby named Rahula, means Impediment
Demon who tempts Gautama Buddha by trying to seduce him with the vision of women, often said to be Mara's daughters.
Sanskrit meaning "cooled" or to "cool by blowing" or when one
Buddhist Community, one of the three treasures
Signifies a spiritual practitioner who has realized high stages of attainment
A fully ordained male Buddhist Monastic
A fully ordained female Buddhist Monastic
Moral discipline given by the Buddha for lay and monk/nun followers
A mound-like structure containing Buddhist relics
Indian Emperor of the Maurya Dynasty who later dedicated his life to becoming enlightened through Buddhism
Conservative and generally closest to early Buddhism
Branch of Buddhism originated in India, path that seeks to the path of seeking complete enlightenment for the benefit of all sentient beings.
"Not-self", letting go of "I" or "Mine"
A type of phenomena that serve as objects of clinging
Accounts of the Buddha's previous lives
Consists of Devas, Asuras, Humans, Animals, Hungry Ghosts, and Hell Beings
Mental States when one acts in unskillful actions
Four Noble Truths
Truth of Suffering, Origin of suffering is attachment, cessation of suffering is attainable, and the path to the cessation of suffering.
Everything we want eventually slips away, or any form of suffering
Wisdom understood through meditation, to bring about enlightenment
Noble Eight Fold Path
Describes the way to the end of suffering
Constitutes the basic Buddhist code of ethics
A form of higher meditation
Ancient Techniques of meditation. Insight into the nature of reality.
Three Marks of Existence
Impermanence, Suffering, and Non-Self, a full understanding of these can bring an end to suffering.
Meditative State, set of ascending levels of meditative absorption
Concept in Buddhist Meditation that it is affirmed that correct or right mindfulness is the critical factor in the path to liberation and enlightenment
Powerful sounds or words used in meditation
A spell chanted to evoke supernatural power used both for meditational and protective purposes.
Buddhist practice of reciting certain verses to ward off evil fortune or dangerous conditions
Cosmic Diagram used in Meditation to visualize spiritual realms and their inhabitants.
Buddha that reached enlightenment before Siddhartha Gautama
The Buddha who is yet to come
The Buddha has three bodies; created body in time and space, mutual enjoyment, and truth body
The wish to attain complete enlightenment in order to be of benefit to all sentient beings trapped in cyclic existence
Upasak or Upasika
Sanskrit and Pali words for "attendant", who only undertake certain vows, or lay buddhists
Generosity or Giving
Buddha, Dharma, and Sangha
Buddhist Sabbath Day, cleansing of the defiled mind
Very long journey or search of great moral significance
Gautama Buddha's attainment of enlightenment
Tells the story of one of Buddha's past lives, gives away everything, including his children
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