9/3/09 6:26 PM Basic Journals Near Eastern Archaeology/Biblical Archaeologist Biblical Archaeology Review Old issues of Archaeology Odyssey Archaeology Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research Other Basic Reasources Encyclopedia of Archaeological Exavactions in the Holy Land Oxford Encyclopedia of Archaeology in the Near Est Anchol Bible Dictionary E. Vogel in Hebrew Union College Annual William Hupper in An Index to English Periodical Literature on the Old Testament and Ancient Near Eastern Studies ATLA Religion Database: http://web.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.library.wisc.edu/ehost/search?vid=1&hid=108&sid=d9e3821d-0d48-44bc-a747-3d436ec7cd83%40replicon103 DS111 H55, a video on the history Names These are all names for the same place. Many places are named/renamed/translated because the revolutions of the religions and the revolutions of the times Tell ed-Duweir? Tel Lakhish? Lachish? The Case of ?Tel Gat? Jericho: Tell es-Sultan? Khirbet Mefjar? Khirbet en-Nitla? Tulul Abu el-Alayiq? Dates A.D. and B.C. A.C. and B.C. (After Christ and Before Christ) A.H. and B.H. C.E. and B.C.E. (Common Era and Before the Common Era) B.P. (Before Present (1950)) b.c. and c.e. (Radio Carbon Dating) History of the Discipline, Part 1 Geography, Geology, Topography, Roads, and History in the 19th Century It?s an American Thing Definition: Archaeology ? Archaeology is the study of humanly induced modification of the natural landscape. In so doing it collects data that are time distinctive and time sensitive. George Adam Smith, The Historical Geography of the Holy Land, 1894, p. ix: ?What is needed by the reader or teacher of the Bible is some idea of the main outlines of Palestine ? its shapes and disposition; its plains, passes and mountain; its rains, winds and temperatures.? Images Dome of the Rock Petra Wilderness of Judea The Jamestown Massacre: 1622 (The New Jerusalem) George Sandys ? From Jerusalem John Winthrop - From Massachusetts The Pilgrims came and believed they were creating a new wolrd, just as Jerusalem was created to create a new and holy place to live. They wanted a truly Christian society to bring on the end of time. They found the ?10 Lost Tribes?, they tried to convert them to Christianity, they then had to ?eliminate? them because they were corrupted by the devil Millennialism Delayed Manifest Destiny (Take over all of North America to create a perfect Holy Land) Yale, Dartmouth, Colombia ? All Hebrew Related Charles G. Finney ? A great abolitionists from the 1840?s. The archconservatives believe slavery is wrong! The lived by the bible and everything was God. President of Overland College. Go West and get rid of the Native Americans William McClure Thompson ? He is a missionary They wanted to convert everyone Convert Hindus, Jews, Muslims, Native Americans Started in early 1810's Lived a very long life for a missionary Found belly dancing lude, indecent, and not worthy of the lord, but included them in the books he wrote. American Missionaries believed that America was the Holy Land, they described it, and what it looked like. The Work and Contribution of Edward Robinson Edward Robinson Smartest and Hardest working person Congregationalist Attended Hamilton College Ended up in Europe and had a doctorate in Old Testament Studies Went to Europe to see the Holy Land to see what is looked like so he could teach about it. 1838 he got to Egypt Alexander von Humboldt and Karl Ritter Two great geographers of that time Carsten Niebuhr 1760 ? Sent 7 or 8 scholars to investigate, and he was the only one that survived He drew a map in 1765 of what he thought Jerulseum looked like Biblical Identifications Khulasah = Elusa Bir es Seba' = Beersheba 'Anata = Anathoth El-Gib = Gibeon Khirbet 'Aljian = Eglon Idhna ? Jedna Lejjun ? Legio Robinson was able to create a map of the holy land because the names were all familiar with the biblical names. This was able to become a reality and it made sense Robinson Paradigm ? The biblical landscape is to be found in the modern places names of Palestine. Collenc 1865 Physical Geography of the Holy Land. Boston: Crocker and Bock Lt. Herbert Horatio Kitchener He was the Leader of the British Army Gezer Boundary Stone Chizzled into the rock it says ?Gezer? in greek. It was the one of the first confirmed sites. George Adam Smith ? Writes the book ?The Historical Geography of the Holy Land? David Roberts ? Artist He drew what he saw while traveling the world and finding the holy land. They were available to people, but were expensive. Miner Kellogg ? He paints what he sees the holy land to be. People made huge circular diaramas for people to look at back in the United States. They went on tour to show what the holy land looked like. It is becoming a reality to people in the 1800?s. Elisabeth A. Finn. ? Arrival in Jaffa Water color painting done of the holy land It showed that tourism started to occur during the 1850 First photograph of Jerusalem in 1844. Holy Land. Second Most Popular book in 1870?s ?The Land and the Book of the Holy Land? Described in words what the holy land looked like Became popular because people wanted to know what it looked like 1869 Mark Twain visited the Holy Land Tourism starts to take off in the 1860?s Moses Shapira ? Faked antiquities to sell in his shop Churches would pool their money to send there minister there to come back and preach about the Holy Land Chautauqua made a scale model of the Holy Land. They would have one week ?studies? on the holy land, and describe Jerusalem, Jericho, and the various other spots. Geography, Geology, Topography, and Roads Mediterranean Currents and Breezes Wind comes from the west. Dust come from the Sahara Desert to the Holy Land, it replenishes the soil, leaves a nice silk on the land, leaves the water fresh. Currents and the Wind had effects on the trade and climate of the Holy Land. Average of a major earthquake every 26 years. The last major earthquake to happen was in 1956. Roads go along the beach, along the crest of the hills, the low points in the valley. Any place that is flat enough to have them. East to West transport goes along the river basins that have cut into the mountain. The Dead Sea is being drained because Jordon and Israel have been taking water out of the Jordon River for irrigation and human uses. Terracing is a way to capture the soil from the air to be able to farm up in the mountains. It captures the soil coming out of the air so it cannot be drained down to the valley Intro To Biblical Archaeology 9/3/09 6:26 PM 9/3/09 6:26 PM
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