Why is modeling a very tactile method of making a sculpture?
the clay responds to every touch--light or heavy--of the sculptor's fingers. It can be built us, gouged, pinched, scratched or smoothed by hands.
What happens to the wax in the lost-wax method?
1)clay core built. 2)layer of wax modeled over clay core. 3)wax rods & cup are attached to form an "arterial system". 4)whole is encased in special clay. 5) clay dries, object heated & WAX RUNS OUT, clay hardens. 6)lost wax leaves void & molten metal is poured into this.
what materials can be cast?
metal= most common, but any metal that can be poured then hardens works. --water/ice, plastic resin & other synthetic materials, fiberglass
what is an armature?
it supports and strengthens a sculpture from the inside
what is assemblage?
it is an assembled sculpture. --> technique of creating a sculpture by piecing/grouping together distinct elements as opposed to casting, modeling, carving
what materials can be used for assemblage?
steel, animal bones, wood cane, vegetable fibers, wax, fiberglass, velvet, satin, hair--many varied materials that aren't always associated with sculpture.
low relief/bas relief
subject projects very slightly from the background. many flat surfaces used like coins, tombstones, walls, decorative plates
sculpture projects more boldly from background. elements should project by at least 1/2 their depth; parts of figures may be round, unattached to background.
sculpture in the round
we can walk around it & see it at every angle (even though there is a front & back, all viewpoints must be interesting)
contrapposto--"counterpoise" or "counter balance"
a pose that suggests potential for movement & life. produces subtle S-curve by placing figure's weight on on one foot & adjustments to hip & shoulder placement.
interest in African art, which was less complex, less advanced that what it was compared to (European art)
a work of art made for a specific place using natural materilas found there, especially the earth itself. (Andy Goldsworthy--spiral jetty)
fleeting, will not last long (ex. Andy Goldworthy's works made of ice, leaves, branches, last a few hours)
movement of 1960s, 70s with simple, primary forms. belief that art should offer a pure & honest aesthetic experience instead of trying to influence people or transmit the artist's ego through self-expression. --favored industrial materials: brick, sheet metal, plywood.
1960s--artists want to move away from art that could be bought/sold. often ephemeral art. belief that the essence of art resides in the idea, recording it=secondary.
post modern practice. artistic recycling of existing images, saying all artists use something from one another. challenges authenticity, individuality, location of meaning, copyright issues
human body portrayed in art
can art & ideas of magic or spirits be intertwined?
Want to see the other 19 Flashcards in Week 15?JOIN TODAY FOR FREE!