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saw the emergence of human food production.
Human ways that are passed on to future generations are called __________.
famous megalithic stucture in England.
Sumerian writing is called __________ or wedge-shaped writing.
sargon the great
What ruler conquered and united the Sumerian cities?
The first empire was created by
The first empire was created by ____________.
The ziggurats were built to house ___________.
Egyptian civilization developed along the ____________________.
Which pharaoh introduced monotheism during the New Kingdom?
The times of political disruption between the Egyptian Kingdoms are known as ___________________.
The Egyptian term ___________ referred to a divinely ordained order.
The ___________ invaded Mesopotamia and caused the collapse of Ur.
The Indo-European people are identified by their __________.
On what island did Minoan civilization develop?
Matriarchal societies are dominated by ____________.
The Phoenicians were instrumental in spreading the _____________ throughout the Mediterranean.
hanging gardens of Babylon
What was Nebuchadnezzar's most significant building achievement?
The ______________ was a decorated gates that was a key entrance into Babylon.
According to Hebrew tradition, who led the Hebrews out of slavery in Egypt?
One of _____________ main accomplishments was the construction of the temple in Jerusalem.
Which Mesopotamian power ended the independence of the kingdom of Israel?
_______________ is the process of blending religious beliefs.
Homer's ____________ emerged out of an oral tradition in the late bronze age.
control over Egypt
unlike earlier Mesopotamian empires, the Neo-Assyrian Empire extended to include _______________.
Alexander the Great
The main tool used by _______________ to keep his empire together was his army.
The ____________ prophets were social critics who urged moral reform among the Hebrews.
Who is the main hero of the Illiad?
soldiers who could afford their own weapons
who were the hoplites?
political power in ____________ was in the hands of a few elders.
who restructured Athens' political and social system in 549 B.C.?
Peisistratus was an Athenian ___________.
Who is traditional known as the founder of Greek democracy?
The Persian leader who conquered the Medes, Anatolia, and Babylonia was ___________.
persia's monotheistic religion was known as ___________________.
Which Persian ruler launched an attack on Athens in 480 B.C.?
the battle of ____________ was the final Greek victory against the Persians in 479 B.C.
The ______________ was an Athenian-led alliance of Greek city-states after the Persian wars.
The _______________ War destroyed the Athenian Empire.
who was the chief greek god?
Greek __________ gre out of religious festivals.
Herodotus is best known for his work in what discipline?
The period of 336-331 B.C. is referred to as the _________________ because the Greeks were known as Hellenes and Greek culture dominated this period.
Where did the Hellenistic age really begin?
________________ was an Athenian orator who denounced Philip II and the Macedonians.
After Philip II defeated the Greek city-states, he sought to conquer ___________.
How far did the conquest of Alexander the Great extend?
How did Alexander the Great die?
Where did the Ptolemaic dynasty rule primarily?
After Alexander's death his ___________ carved out separate kingdoms from his empire.
The most famous and most cosmopolitan Hellenistic city was _____________.
The Greek version of the Hebrew bible is known as the _____________.
the Stoics were founded by __________.
One of the most famous Cynics was ______________.
The center for scientific inquiry during the Hellenistic era was _______________.
____________ wrote a famous geometry textbook.
during the early years after Rome's founding, the Roman political system was a _____________.
The ___________ was a seat of roman political life.
The _______________ were a group of elite families in the Roman Republic.
What group of people dominated central Italy from about 800 B.C.?
The _____________ was a form of government established in Rome around 500 B.C.?
which power was preeminent and a threat to Rome in the western Mediterranean by 300 B.C.?
1st Punic War
The __________________ pitted Rome against Carthage in a struggle over Sicily.
2nd Punic War
The ______________________ included Hannibals famous march across the alps with war elephants.
At the Battle of __________ in 202 B.C., Scipio decisively defeated Hannibal.
How many wars did Rome fight against Macedon between 215 and 167 B.C.?
which Hellenistic philosophy most appealed to the Romans during the republic?
which of the roman gods was largely modeled on the greek zeus?
Who led the most famous slave revolt in the roman republic?
Tiberius Gracchus attempted to implement reforms through what Roman governmental institution?
what was the main tool used by Gaius Marius to gain power?
at the battle of ___________ in 31 B.C. Octavian defeated Antony and Cleopatra.
The ______________________ refers to a long period of stability and peace in the Roman empire.
__________ was given the title Augustus by the Roman people.
The _______________ dynasty refers to a group of emperors who were all related to Augustus.
The role od Pontifex Maximus was essentially a ____________ position.
The main forces of Romanization in the provinces were the __________ and ______________.
The __________________ gave Roman citizenship to nearly all free men and women in the empire.
______________ was a Roman historian.
_____________ was a Roman Emperor who ruled in the mid-second century and built a wall across northern Britain.
in the time of Augustus, the germanic people were organized into ____________.
The silk trade brought Romans and __________ into contact.
Slaves comprised about what proportion of Roman society?
the word christian derives from the greek word that means _____________.
the teachings of __________ has the effect of transforming the followers of Christ into a universal religion.
_____________ ruled as emperor around 300 dividing the empire in 2.
what was put in place to rule the roman empire around 300 and means the rule of four?
What religion did Constantine adopt in 312?
what group was targeted in the great persecution thag began in 303?
what religion did Constantine adopt in 312?
constantine became sore emperor at the battle of ___________________.
constantine created a new capital at ____________, renaming the city Constantinople.
what was the language of the christian church in the western roman empire?
Benedict of Nursia
______________________ was the founder of communal monasticism in the west.
Who wrote the city of God?
The _______________ empire emerges in the eastern empire following the foundation of constantinople.
the Byzantine emperor ____________ oversaw the codification of law know as the corpus juris civilis.
_____________ and ______________ invented an alphabet for the Slavic language.
what was the capital of these Byzantine empire?
khan boris I
who was the religious head of the orthodox church?
who was the Byzantine emperor that launched iconoclasm in the 700s?
the book of ceremonies helped to establish the notion of the rule of kings by _____________.
what year did the Byzantine empire finally collapse?
Muhammad's move to Medina from mecca in 622 is known as ___________.
the ____________ is the written collection of Muhammad's revelations.
Muslims believe that _____________ received his revelations from God through the angel Gabriel.
the 1st mosque was in what city?
pillars of islam
the 5 __________________ concerned proper acts of faith that all good Muslims should follow.
the ________________ describes Islamic leadership after the death of Muhammad.
the Abbasid caliphate established their capital in ____________.
what was the main religion I'm the Germanic kingdoms?
the Lombards controlled parts of _______________.
the Germanic _______________ was ones monetary worth.
Gregory the great was a powerful ___________ around 600.
which of these dynasties was replaced by the carolingians?
In the carolingian empire, marches were _______________________.
________________ wrote a famous biography of Charlemagne.
by 900 Europe was subject to invasion from the __________ and the ____________.
the _________ was usually a piece of land given to a vassal in exchange for his homage.
________________ controlled a feudal domain known as France.
william the conqueror
______________ defeated the last Saxon king of England.
_______________ was made by ecclesiastical authority (church leadership) for government of church.
holy Roman empire
frederick I was ruler of ____________.
who wrote the divine comedy?
who wrote the Canterbury tales?
who does the word Renaissance mean?
who wrote the book of the coutier?
who wrote the prince?
how many voyages did Christopher Columbus make across the Atlantic?
_____________________ was the first european to name the americas the new world
Vasco da Gama
who was the 1st to sail from europe to india?
the _________________ was part of the process of conversion to Christianity in the Americas.
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