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1960's-1980's focused on sexuality and reproductive rights were dominant issues, and much of the movement's energy was focused on passing the Equal Rights Amendment to the constitution guaranteeing social equality regardless of sex.
The belief that feminism and the women’s movement are no longer needed
The misleading and negative connotations associated with the word “feminism” and “Women’s movement” play a central role against feminism in U.S. politics and public media.
Is a personal perspective as well as a political theory and social movement that has worked as a central force in advocating women’s rights, supporting social equality between men and women, is against patriarchy, against sexism and is helping make room for other liberatory possibilities. They have worked alongside the civil rights movement, and other social movements such as immigrant and migrant rights.
The assumption that perspectives and opinions of men represent humans as a whole.
Balancing the curriculum- Women’s studies balance the curriculum by adding courses about women. Ex “Famous Female British Authors of the 1800’s Challenging Knowledge- Women’s studies encourage all student to question “Common” knowledge in existing courses. “What’s Missing “People of color, poor, immigrants, women.
The Women’s Movement: The birth of W.S. can be traced back to the 2nd wave of the women’s movement, in the 1970’s, when women began seek personal and societal changes. SDSU was the 1st college to offer a curriculum in women’s studies
a system of society or government in which the father or eldest male is head of the family and descent is traced through the male line.--a system of society or government in which men hold the power and women are largely excluded from it.
is a particular approach to achieving equality between men and women that emphasizes the power of an individual person to alter discriminatory practices against women. Believe in the viability of the present system (meaning it’s ok) and work within the system and work within "Wants a piece of the pie"
is a perspective within feminism that calls for a radical reordering of society in which male supremacy is eliminated in all social and economic contexts. Radical feminists seek to abolish patriarchy by challenging existing social norms and institutions, rather than through a purely political process. Want a whole new pie
is a two-pronged theory that broadens Marxist feminism's argument for the role of capitalism in the oppression of women and radical feminism's theory of the role of gender and the patriarchy.
is an approach to feminist theory that incorporates postmodern and post-structuralist theory, seeing itself as moving beyond the modernist polarities of liberal feminism and radical feminism.
Feminists are all angry & Whinny
the standard of “Normal,” against which all other members of that category are measured.
Definition and examples EX: race, class, body type, etc…
those who do not fit the norm who are unlike the dominant group and are invisible, misunderstood and feared.
is an interdisciplinary academic field devoted to topics concerning women, gender, and feminism that examines gender as a social and cultural construction.
Prejudice or discrimination directed at a social group by individuals and social institutions.
Different kinds of racism (Yamato)
1)Aware/Blatant – the outright statement of dislike towards someone based on race (“Classic racism”)
2) Aware/Covert – Racism that is acted on but not blatantly stated by racist person.
3) Unaware/unintentional – This comes from people who assume they are educated about racism and are therefore not racist.
4) Unaware/Self-righteous – People (mostly white) who are overly enthusiastic about “black pride” or Latino pride” and lecture minorities about taking pride in themselves.
Social Organizations that have established patterns of behavior and are organized around particular purposes.
They assign the most desirable roles and tasks to those who are dominant.
They distribute resources and privileges to different groups to different degrees.
They are interconnected and so support each other in supporting this system.
non-target group Those who are perpetuators of prejudice
Biological differences between humans traditionally Male & Female (determined by genitalia, reproductive organs…..)
the traits that “Members of a society” attach to sex traditionally masculine and feminine
Gender is not something we are it’s something we do”
a person’s romantic/physical/ emotional attraction to another person (heterosexual, homosexual and asexual)
Society demonstrates the assumption that there are only 2 sexes/genders, male & female. She suggested the 5 sex system which includes males, females, ‘herms’ (true hermaphrodites), ‘merms’ (male pseudohermaphrodites) and ‘ferms’ (female pseudohermaphrodites) she was highly criticized for this.
Intersexuality should be considered medically normal and not interfered with AT ALL, unless the child’s health is in danger.
Dr’s should avoid unnecessary surgeries especially “irreversible assignment” (removal or modification o genitalia)
Dr’s should do a thorough medical assessment and consult with parents. Parents and children should receive long-term counseling to aid in the decision making
They argued that gender is not a set of traits residing within in us, but is something we DO or Perform in our social interactions. There are numerous rules that dictate proper gender performance. We learn these rules through socialization starting at an early age. We follow the rules and make sure others follow them too (policing) because there are consequences for breaking the rules. IN order to avoid these consequences we all concentrate on giving a perfect “Gender performance” They face that we “DO” gender so flawlessly makes it seem innate(biological) but it is actually something we learn. Ex: Boy’s with long hair, girls liking boys stuff must be tomboys, not lady like, must be gay if you live in a house with all sisters……
Society shapes development and expression of sexuality
Social rules of sexuality are tied to Social institutions
Culture (Society) determines what is sexually acceptable and unacceptable
Race, gender, class, ect… influence sexual beliefs
The (general) rules and norms for sexual behavior in particular cultures. (i.e. Ages of partners, no sex with minor, where, when to date, when to have sex)
Refers to the way power plays out in sexual relationships. The power dynamics in sexual relationships are part of a larger system and have broad social, political and economic causes and consequences.
For the most part our relationship expectations (in the US) are connected to our desire for and our assumptions about romantic love. (Love at 1st site, love completes me…..)
Love finds a way to overcome obstacles (love conquers all)
There is one and only one true Love ( soul mate)
Love is about having a perfect connection(no difficulties)
Love at 1st sight (instantaneous love)
Men and women tend to have different ideas about love. Romantic Love is marketed to women much more intensely
Boys learn independence and communication, girls learn connection and intimacy
Men live in a hierarchical world and view interactions as challenges, women view interactions as opportunities to connect
At a societal level virginity has always been an indicator of female moral worth yet there is no medical consensus on what it means to have or lose your virginity.
It defines women’s worth (more than men) There has been an emphasis on virginity for women thought history. It can cause confusion and stress for women in an era when girls are increasingly sexualized
Throughout US history black women have been depicted as asexual (Mammy) or as hypersexual (the black Jezebel).
And as of recent the “Black Lady”
About 35% of downloads are porn
2. Technologies not available to everyone
literacy, economic resources
What is the difference between heterosexual and cisgender?
couldn’t afford to travel anywhere to get abortion, violation of her 14th amendment rights, state laws are now unconstitutional
-first trimester, state cannot prohibit abortions
-2nd trimester, states can begin to regulate whether or not abortion is legal
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