ART 105 Study Guide Week 16/Crafts 1. Do all cultures separate ?Art? and ?Craft? into non-functional VS functional work, like we do in the West? 2. What are the 5 traditional materials of the crafts, according to your book? *What are the other 2 listed? 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. *6. *7. 3. Ceramics involves making objects from clay. What do you have to do to the clay objects to ensure their permanency? Note that once this is done, the clay will not be able to return to a workable state. 4. Why are ceramics made hollow? List both reasons. 1. 2. 5. Wet clay can be modeled, pinched, rolled or shaped. Specialized forming techniques are slab construction, coiling, hand building and throwing the form on the potter?s wheel. What does ?throwing? mean, in relationship to ceramics? Explain thoroughly. 6. Clay is a naturally occurring earth substance. There are different kinds of clay/clay mixtures. Describe each. Porcelain Stoneware Earthenware 1. The principal ingredient in glass is usually silica, or sand. Heat makes it become molten and then it can be shaped. When it cools, it hardens. Once hardened, how can glass return to a workable state? 2. Describe how stained glass windows are made. 3. Metal can be shaped and decorated by several different methods. Describe each. Casting Forging Embossing Chasing Damascened 4. Why is wood a popular craft material? What are its drawbacks? 5. Fiber Arts/Crafts uses unique working methods. Describe the technique for each. Weaving Tapestry Knotting Quilting 6. When did Craft materials and techniques begin to seep into the Art world? 7. Why is Judy Chicago?s work, ?The Dinner Party?, an important and influential piece of Art? OPTIONAL: Select one piece of Art to think about, choosing from figures 12.19, 12.20, 12.21 or 12.22. Write your opinion about the piece you select and the reasons for your opinion.
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