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Who, according to Athena in her speech to Zeus at the beginning of the poem, is responsible for Odysseus' difficulties in getting home to Ithaca from the Trojan War?
Identify the persons who are inhabiting Odyssey's home on Ithaca, causing trouble for his wife and son.
Men from Odysseus's own tribe, suitors for the hand of Penelope in marriage.
In her meeting with Zeus, what tasks does Athena propose for herself and the other gods?
Athena will rouse the son to take action involving the suitors, while the gods dispatch (send) Hermes to tell Calypso to let Odysseus go.
According to Antinous, Penelope had taken steps to postpone the time when she will meet the demands of the people occupying her house. What is the latest "masterpiece of guile [deceit, trickery]" which Antinous describes to Telemachus?
She says she cannot meet their demands until she finishes weaving a shroud, but each night she undoes her work.
What sign is sent by "farseeing Zeus" to convince the people hanging around Odysseus's home that Telemachus means business and that Odysseus is "somewhere near, . . . / bleeding bloody death for all these suitors here"? The sign is interpreted by "Halitherses, Mastor's son," one of the people hanging out in Odysseus' home.
A pair of eagles drops on the assembly and attacks the people with their claws
When Telemachus arrives at the home of Menelaus and Helen, what is going on at their house?
Menelaus and Helen are hosting a joint wedding feast for their son and daughter.
Telemachus--as well as the reader/listener--learns a great deal about the fates of the other heroes from Nestor and others. What happened to Agamemnon after the events that make up the Iliad?
When asked by Telemachus of news of Odysseus, Menelaus tells of an adventure involving a creature named Proteus. What happened in that encounter?
Proteus gave Menelaus bearings for the trip home, as well as news of Odysseus's whereabouts.
When we saw Telemachus last, it was in Book IV, during the journey on which Athena had sent him to seek news of his father. In Book XV, we return to him, where Athena appears to him to tell him it is time to head home. Before he heads back from his journey, his hosts give him gifts. Which of the following best identifies those gifts?
A robe for his future bride and a wine goblet
As Telemachus is taking leave of his hosts, an eagle flies over clutching "a huge white goose in his talons." The significance of this event is "interpreted" by one of the onlookers. Who interprets the event? How does she interpret it?
Odysseus, "after many trials and roving long and hard," "will descend on his house and take revenge."
Where does Telemachus go immediately upon reaching Ithaca?
To the hut of Eumaeus, the swineherd
To whom does Odysseus (with help from Athena) first make known his true identity?
Telemachus, his son
What does the dog Argo do when Odysseus, in disguise as a beggar, approaches his own house?
After trying to show that he recognized Odysseus (even in disguise), because it had been Odysseus who trained him, he dies.
Odysseus, disguised as a beggar, wins a wrestling contest (set up by the suitors) with a beggar called "Iros." What is the prize that is offered to the winner?
A supply of "goat sausages . . . packed with fat and blood to have for supper," along with the exclusive right to feast with the suitors.
When Odysseus tellsTelemachus that they must "stow the weapons out of reach," he also gives him a reason to give for that action if the suitors ask. What does Odysseus instruct Telemachus to tell the suitors if they notice he's placing the armor out of reach?
When offered a "footbath," Odysseus refuses, "unless," he says, "there is some old retainer, the soul of trust, someone who's borne as much as I have borne." This limits the choices to the old serving woman Eurycleia. How does she discover the true identity of Odysseus?
Eurycleia sees a scar on Odysseus's leg, from a wound he got while hunting boars as a young man.
Following Odysseus’ success in the “epic games” (aided by Athena), a feast is held. At the feast, Demodocus, the Phaeacians’ minstrel, tells a rather lengthy and comic story. What is the subject of that story?
How Hephaestus caught Aphrodite and Ares in the act of adultery
As Odysseus begins to recount “The Great Wanderings,” the account of his voyages given by Odysseus himself to the Phaeacians, he tells about an encounter with the “Lotus Eaters,” who give his men this plant to eat. What is the effect of the lotus on Odysseus’ men?
They “lose all thought of home” and have to be driven back to the ships.
Only Poseidon, among the Olympians, was ill-disposed toward Odysseus.The reason for his animosity toward Odysseus is given in Odysseus' account to the Phaeacians of his and his men's narrow escape from the land of the creatures Odysseus described aslawless brutes,who trust so to the everlasting gods they never plant with their own hands or plow the soil.Odysseus further states that they live in a land, They have no meeting place for council,no laws either who are these creatures?
What is the effect of Circe's magic on Odysseus' men?
How does Odysseus prevent the same thing happening to him that happened to his men (in the previous question)?
A powerful drug given to him by Hermes keeps Circe's magic potion from working on him.
Where does Circe tell Odysseus he must go in order to learn his future?
What unfortunate accident befalls Elpenor before Odysseus and his group can get to the place identified in the previous item?
Among the people Odysseus visits in the Underworld are quite a number of women, one of whom Odysseus is surprised to find there because he did not know she had died. Who is that woman?
Anticlea, his mother.
In the Underworld, Odysseus encounters the shade of Achilles. About whom does Achilles ask Odysseus?
His son Neoptolemus
In the Underworld, Odysseus sees the shade of Tantalus, from whose name we get the word tantalize. How is Tantalus being punished in the Underworld?
Food and drink are kept constantly just out of his reach.
In spite of the fact that Tiresias had told Odysseus what would happen if his men killed and ate the sacred cattle of Lord Helios, the Sun, the men do so. What is their reason, as stated by Eurylochus?
The Sirens entice seafarers to their deaths. How does Odysseus manage to avoid the danger presented by these creatures?
He has himself tied to the mast and has his crew stuff beeswax in their ears so they will not hear the alluring song of the Sirens.
While he is asleep, the Phaeacians set Odysseus down on Ithaca, along with the treasure they have given him, and they leave before he awakens. Where does Odysseus go first (after a conversation with Athena in disguise)?
To the hut of Eumaeus, the swineherd.
While Achilles is withholding himself from the battle, his friend Patroclus puts on Achilles' armor and enters the battle, where he is killed. Who kills Patroclus?
Hector, believing that Patroclus is actually Achilles
What becomes of the armor (Achilles' armor) which Patroclus was wearing?
Hector seizes the armor as a battle prize.
Which of the following accurately summarizes the fate for which Achilles is destined, according to Thetis, his mother.
Achilles will die shortly after the death of Hector.
While being chased by Achilles, Hector runs away and runs several times around the city walls trying to avoid combat with Achilles. What causes Hector to stop, turn, and engage Achilles in combat?
The goddess Athena disguises her voice as the voice of Hector's brother Deiphobus, so Hector believes that he will be able to fight Achilles two against one and thus avoid defeat.
After Achilles kills Hector in the fight described above, he refuses to release the body. What apparently supernatural occurrence is linked with Hector's body?
The body does not decay, even after Achilles drags it around the camp behind his chariot.
Which list of four immortals identifies those who were involved in the intervention that leads to the release of Hector's body?
Thetis, Zeus, Iris, and Hermes
How is Achilles persuaded to release the body of Hector?
Priam, king of Troy and Hector's father, made invisible by the intervention of a god, sneaks into Achilles' tent and persuades him to release the body.
As the poem begins, the god Apollo has sent a plague upon the Achaean (Greek) armies. Why is Apollo so angry at the Achaeans?
The Achaeans had taken Chryseis, the daughter of Apollo's priest, in a raid and have refused to accept a ransom for her return.
Briseas, a woman he had captured
Angered over Agamemnon's having taken that from him (see previous question), Achilles goes to his mother, Thetis. She then takes his petition to Zeus. What does Thetis ask Zeus to do?
Glaucus and Diomede reach a separate peace with each other and exchange armor. What sorts of stories does each tell the other to establish their friendship?
Stories about their respective forebears
Where does Hector, the greatest Trojan warrior, find his brother Paris when Hector leaves the fighting to go into the city?
In the women's chambers with his wife, Helen
Which of the following is true about the passage that involves Hector, his wife Andromache, and their infant son?
What role does the act of stringing a bow play in the poem?
Penelope announces she will marry the man who can most easily string the bow and shoot an arrow through twelve axe heads.
What happens to the female servants who had been in complicity with the suitors?
They are forced to carry out the dead and clean the bloody hall. They are then hanged for betraying their master.
What knowledge of their home does Odysseus have which establishes for Penelope that he's her husband?
He knows that their bed is made from a single trunk of olive.
Odysseus shares with Penelope the instructions Teiresias had said Odysseus must carry out after the defeat of the suitors. What had Teiresias said Odysseus must do?
Go so far inland that no one he encounters knows about the sea and there make sacrifices to Poseidon.
What reaction does Odysseus predict passersby will have when they hear music being played in the palace (as a means of covering up the deaths of the suitors)?
They will believe that "someone's married the queen at last,"and thus think Penelope is betraying Odysseus and his estate.
How does the fight between the Odysseus family and the suitors' families end?
Athena calls upon the combatants to end the fighting, and Zeus seconds her request with a thunderbolt.
What two familiar figures from the Iliad have a conversation in the Underworld?
Achilles and Agamemnon
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