This individual was killed by a squadron of U.S. pilots sent specifically to kill him. The U.S. had decoded the Japanese code and had read a message that gave them vital information about his movements among Japanese forces in the Pacific. U.S. pilots whose sole objective was to intercept and shoot down this individuals plane were sent. They shot down his convoy of planes over Bougainville on April 18, 1943.
Name given to the Navaho tribe members that volunteered for military service in the marines. The Navaho were able to use their language to transmit messages because the language was completely unknown to the Japanese. They saved valuable time because there was no need to encode and decode messages.
This plane was flown by Colonel Paul Tibbets. It dropped the first atomic bomb, called Little Boy, on Hiroshima at the end of World War II.
Bombing technique used by the Germans and the United States during World War II. The strategy is designed to damage a target through the use of fire caused by incendiary devices instead from the blast effect from large bombs. The Germans used the technique against the British during the Blitz on London. The United States employed firebombing against most major cities of Japan at the end of World War II. Most notable was the destruction of Tokyo.
Military strategy used by the United States to bring a conclusion to the war in the Pacific. The strategy called for avoiding islands held by the Japanese that were not strategically necessary. The primary objective of the United States was to be able to establish air bases on islands close enough to Japan so that long-range land based bombers could be used to bomb Japan. Islands that did not help establish this goal were “hopped” over.
Name given to the Japanese suicide pilots who flew their planes, sometimes loaded with explosives, into American warships at the end of World War II.
This was a top-secret program during World War II that cost two billion dollars. It was responsible for developing the first atomic bomb.
Was the name of the massive foreign aid program designed by the United States to help Europe recover from the economic devastation caused by World War II? The financial aid offered by this foreign policy plan was available to those nations who desired it including eastern European countries. Considered a important step in stopping the spread of Communism.
This was the location of a famous Nazi Party rally prior to World War II. This is associated with the war crimes trials of the captured Nazi leadership at the end of World War II.
At this conference in occupied Germany, the Allies finalized the plans to divide Germany into four zones. Harry Truman was also told about the successful test of the atomic bomb while attending this conference.
A group of islands that are part of the Gilbert Islands that was the site of an American offensive designed to close in on Japan in the Central Pacific in November 1943. The offensive was a success. The United States gained control of the Gilbert Islands but showed again how tenacious the Japanese soldier would fight even for a small island.
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