Xtreme Quiz 4
- Washington State University - Pullman campus
- Art Fa 202
- Xtreme Quiz 4
Last Modified: 2012-02-08
What were the three important focuses of Italian Renaissance Humanism?
1) Recovery and study of Greek and Rome art, literature and learning
2) Interest in the individual and in classical learning to become better humans
3) Interest in science- rational design, harmony
What is rilievo schiaccato? What does this form of relief accomplish?
“Squished relief” – carved at different depths
Some things are flatter (farther away)
1) Life sized sculptures like the Venus Medici or the Spinario
2) Coins and Cameos- If their patrons allowed them to study them (super expensive)
3) Ancient Roman Sarcophagi (stone coffins used to house dead bodies) very plentiful
- Located at the Medici palace courtyard
- It was a civic symbol
- Could be appropriate because Medici organized soldiers to fight there
- People took back the statue which shows people at that time thought it was inappropriate.
- First freestanding sculpture since antiquity (Controposto)
- Life size
- Made out of bronze
To stand against (standing the way average people stand)- leaned to one leg
What is the definition of one point perspective? Who were the men who invented & disseminated one point perspective?
- Mathematical grid layed on a flat surface to give the illusion of 3D space
- Invented by: Brunelleschi
- Disseminated by: Leon Battista Alberti, On Painting 1435
- Orthogonals: In Linear Perspective drawing, orthogonals are the diagonal lines that can be drawn along receding parallel lines (or rows of objects) to the vanishing point.
- Vanishing point: is a point in a perspective drawing to which parallel lines not parallel to the image plane appear to converge.
- Horizon line: The level at which your eyes are at, which all thing recede to
Venus Pudica , Early 3rd. C. B.C.- Inspired the positioning of Eve
What kinds of ancient Roman buildings did Alberti in designing Sant’ Andrea & how?
- Mimics Roman temple façade: Alberti’s Sant’ Andrea Corinthian Columns supporting a triangular pediment.
- Uses a triumphal arch for his entrance, just like Ancient Rome arches (Arch of Titus)
The side aisles uses 4 barrel vaults, exact size and layout of:Basilica of Maxentius and Constantine, 306 CE
How is Botticelli’s Primivera an excellent example of the influence of humanism in the 15th century Renaissance art? How did he emulate ancient Greek and Roman culture?
- All imagery comes from ancient Greek and Roman poetry, and the way they are standing is imitated by ancient sculptures
- Venus' stance mimickes Venus Pudica , Early 3rd. C. B.C
Title: Saint George
Patron: Guild of Armored Sword Makers
Location: Orsanmichele, Florence
Location: Medici Palace courtyard
Title: The Expulsion from Paradise
Location: Brancacci Chapel
Patron: Felice Brancacci
Artist: Leon Battista Alberti
Patron: Ludovico Gonzaga
Location: Patron's Bedroom
Patron: Lorenzo di Pierfrancesco de’ Medici
tempera on panel
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